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Unraveling the relationship between trip chaining and mode choice using Structural Equation Models Open Access


Other title
Mode choice
Causal relationship
Trip chain
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Islam, Md. Tazul
Supervisor and department
Dr. Khandker M. Nurul Habib (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Dr. Zaher Hashisho (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Dr. Zhi-Jun Qiu (Civil and Environmental Engineering)
Dr. Morris Flynn (Mechanical Engineering)
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
Trip chaining and mode choice are two important travel behavior decisions in activity-based travel demand modeling system. The hierarchy of these two decisions influences model’s predictive capability and policy sensitivity. This thesis is aimed at investigating the hierarchical relationship between these decisions and also the effects of socio-demographic characteristics on them. Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) technique is used for this investigation. A six week travel diary data collected in Thurgau, Switzerland in 2003 is used for model estimation. Model estimation results show that for work-tour, trip chain and mode choice decisions are simultaneous and it remains consistent across the six weeks. For weekday’s non-work tour, mode choice precedes trip chain whereas for weekend’s non-work tour trip chain precedes mode choice. The investigation of the effect of a number of socio-demographic characteristics on trip chaining and mode choice behaviors is also found useful for better understanding of these behaviors.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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