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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3RR1PV7H

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An investigation of the strain field and inter-fragmentary movement of a broken hemi-pelvis Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Digital Image Correlation
Crack Evaluation
Pelvis
Strain
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Nazeri, Hamed
Supervisor and department
Nobes, Davis (Mechanical Engineering)
Duke, Kajsa (Mechanical Engineering)
Examining committee member and department
Duke, Kajsa (Mechanical Engineering)
Vette, Albert (Mechanical Engineering)
Romanyk, Daniel (Mechanical Engineering)
Nobes, Davis (Mechanical Engineering)
Department
Department of Mechanical Engineering
Specialization

Date accepted
2015-08-11T15:45:23Z
Graduation date
2015-11
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Pelvic fracture is considered a common and sometimes fatal injury. There are still developments in novel pelvic fixations. In order to investigate the performance of these fixations, a specialized testing set-up is required. Typically, the strains of a few selected points and the changes in the boundary condition on a pelvis are evaluated. The goal of the current study was to investigate the strain field on a region of interest of a broken hemi-pelvis as well as the inter-fragmentary movement in 3D. Both goals have not been achieved in other studies yet. A multi-axis biomechanical testing apparatus (MABTA) was previously developed in the Department of Mechanical Engineering of the University of Alberta. The current study investigates modifications incorporated into the MABTA such as the force direction exerted by the prosthetic femur. Novel criteria for determining the loading direction is presented. Also the errors associated with the apparatus were evaluated where the error of the motor and load cell were determined. In order to investigate the strain field in a selected region of interest, the MABTA was equipped with a 3D digital image correlation (DIC) system. The error of pure movement using the DIC system was determined at 3.5%, and the error of measuring the strain field was less than 6%. The novel aspect of the work is to use DIC for measuring the gap opening in three directions. It allows investigating the value and mode of opening anywhere in the region of interest. In order to measure the gap opening, two Matlab programs were developed and tested to have the accuracy of 5 µm for in-plane opening and 30 µm for out-of-plane opening. Finally, two tests on an intact and a broken hemi-pelvis were done, and the results of the strain field and the inter-fragmentary movement were obtained.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3RR1PV7H
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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