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Reflective awareness in dreams following loss and trauma Open Access


Other title
lucid dreaming
continuity hypothesis
reflective awareness in dreams
dream type
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Lee, Ming-Ni
Supervisor and department
Kuiken, Don (Psychology)
Examining committee member and department
Wild, Cam (Centre for Health Promotion Studies)
Gackenbach, Jayne (Psychology, Grant MacEwan University)
Masuda, Takahiko (Psychology)
Nicoladis, Elena (Psychology)
Department of Psychology

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
The objectives of this study were to explore (a) the relationships between dream reflective awareness and different types of impactful dreams, (b) the relationships between waking reflective awareness and dream reflective awareness following loss and trauma, and (c) the self-transformative potential of reflective awareness within dreams. We conducted a 2 (loss/trauma experiences) X 3 (timeframe: within the preceding 6 months, within the preceding 6-24 months, within the preceding 3-7 years) cross-sectional study to examine reflective awareness within impactful dreams and the changes in subsequent waking reflective awareness. The major results suggested that (a) only transcendent dreams were highly related to explicit dream lucidity (i.e., lucid mindfulness); (b) a continuity between pre-dream waking mindfulness and intra-dream self-awareness was specific to mundane dreams; (c) the experiences of loss or trauma and the timeframe of such experiences both predicted depersonalization within dreams; and (d) depersonalization within dreams was predictive of subsequent decreases in waking mindfulness. In sum, the present study replicated prior studies of the self-transformative effects of impactful dreams, demonstrated the continuity between dreaming and waking reflective awareness, and clarified the ways in which reflective awareness within dreams may affect post-traumatic growth.
License granted by Ming-Ni Lee ( on 2010-07-06T17:16:12Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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