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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3JP94

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Visual control of human gait during locomotor pointing Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Adaptive locomotion
Task complexity
Intermittent vision
Visuomotor control
Head-free gaze
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Popescu, Adrian
Supervisor and department
Maraj, Brian (Physical Education and Recreation)
Examining committee member and department
Pierre Baudin (Physical Education and Recreation)
Craig Chapman (Physical Education and Recreation)
David Collins (Physical Education and Recreation)
Pierre Gervais (Physical Education and Recreation)
David Westwood (External examiner Dalhousie University)
Department
Physical Education and Recreation
Specialization

Date accepted
2013-01-28T15:32:26Z
Graduation date
2013-06
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Daily locomotor tasks require gait adaptations in order to match various environmental challenges. Healthy individuals rely on vision in order to make proactive gait changes as vision is the sensory modality best suited to provide accurate information about distant environmental constraints. This dissertation was concerned with investigating the adaptive locomotor strategies and the related visual sampling characteristics during locomotor pointing tasks. These goals were achieved by conducting a series of four experiments requiring participants to walk towards and accurately point with the forefoot at distantly located targets without stopping. Young and older healthy participants performed the task in different environmental setups and under various visual sampling conditions. The results clearly demonstrate that the environmental information was sampled in a predictive manner for planning proactive stepping adjustments during the target approach and for extracting limb position information in relation with the target for fine-tuning the foot trajectory prior to foot-pointing. The results also indicate that discrete visual samples were adequate to complete the tasks. Generally, vision availability amounted to less than half of the trial duration for each trial and the typical sampling strategy consisted of one or two brief visual samples such that vision was available almost all the time during the pointing step. The gaze was deployed towards targets well in advance of the foot-pointing action and it remained anchored there until about the time the foot contacted that particular target. Participants typically undershot the targets and the likelihood of overshooting the targets significantly changed with the increase in task difficulty and complexity. Older adults prematurely disengaged the gaze from the targets, consequently increasing the likelihood of target overshooting. This may indicate that the older adults need more time to plan and implement gait modulations and could be interpreted as a sign of future, naturally-occurring, and more dramatic changes in visuomotor control during adaptive locomotion. In conclusion, this work shows the existence of well-preserved yet flexible motor control strategies related to locomotor pointing tasks. With aging, these visuomotor strategies lose their effectiveness and become one of the causes liable for the increase in the rate of falling occurrences for older adults.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3JP94
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication
Popescu, A., Runnalls, K., & Maraj, B.K.V. (2010). Intermittent visual information affects motor strategies during locomotor pointing. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 41(3), 313-326.

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