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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R36Q1SN9Q

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Female Varsity Athletes’ Perceptions of The Development of Optimism Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
athlete
optimism
development
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
deBeaudrap, Hayley L
Supervisor and department
Nicholas Holt, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation
Examining committee member and department
Derek Truscott, Department of Educational Psychology
John Dunn, Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation
Department
Physical Education and Recreation
Specialization

Date accepted
2015-09-29T15:25:15Z
Graduation date
2015-11
Degree
Master of Arts
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
This study examined female athletes’ perceptions of how they became optimistic. In order to identify optimistic athletes, 83 members of female varsity sport teams at the University of Alberta completed a sport-specific version of the Life Orientation Test (LOT; Dunn, Causgrove Dunn, & Lizmore, 2015). Nine participants (M age = 19 years) who scored high in optimism (M score = 36.89, SD = 1.9) then completed individual semi-structured interviews. Seven of these participants also completed a member-checking interview. Data analysis followed Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (Smith, Flowers, & Larkin, 2009). Results were organized across a developmental framework documenting shared aspects of participants’ perspectives of experiences that contributed to development of optimism during childhood, adolescence, and adulthood. During childhood participants perceived that their parents were supportive, provided feedback, and allowed them to have choice over the sports in which they participated. During adolescence coaches began to play a more important role in developing optimism and participants were able to learn about being optimistic through experiences, particularly negative experiences. Finally, during early adulthood participants developed personal narratives about the ways in which they approached sport with optimism. Practical implications arising from these findings include increasing parents’, coaches’, and athletes’ understanding of how to increase the development of optimism.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R36Q1SN9Q
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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