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Stratigraphy, petrography and geochemistry of the Bad Heart Formation, Northwestern Alberta Open Access


Other title
Bad Heart Formation
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Kafle, Basant
Supervisor and department
Octavian Catuneanu (Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
Examining committee member and department
Jack Lerbekmo (Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
Pamela R Willoughby (Department of Anthropology)
Octavian Catuneanu (Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences)
Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences

Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
Bad Heart Formation oolitic ironstone is the largest resources of iron in western Canada. During this study, 45 new sections from outcrop, trench and drill holes were mapped, and 325 samples were collected for petrographic and geochemical analysis. The objective of the first paper is to refine the previously published stratigraphic model based on the new data. The second paper deals with geochemistry and discuss genesis of ooids and source of iron in oolitic ironstone. The textures of the Bad Heart Formation ironstone suggest the ooids formed in-place in a relatively shallow, wave-agitated, oxygenated marine environment with repetitive growth of the ooids in water column. There are two possible source of iron in the ooids. Some geochemical data indicate it is continental sedimentary, but it is also possible that the iron sourced from sub-sea hydrothermal or meteoric vents, similar to recent iron deposits at Paint Pots in Kootenay National Park.
License granted by Basant Kafle ( on 2011-01-11T21:08:52Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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