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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R39948

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Understanding Older Adults' Leisure Behaviors in Mexico Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Older Adults
Leisure
Motivations
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Reyes Uribe, Ana C.
Supervisor and department
Fast, Janet (Human Ecology)
Examining committee member and department
Fast, Janet (Human Ecology)
Hutchinson, Susan (Health)
Walker, Gordon (Physical Education)
Fox, Karen (Physical Education)
Keating, Norah (Human Ecology)
Department
Department of Human Ecology
Specialization

Date accepted
2013-01-29T09:42:53Z
Graduation date
2013-06
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
A key question in health promotion is how to predict and modify the adoption and maintenance of health enhancing behaviors such as leisure. Health promotion approaches that focus on promoting health-enhancing behaviors give particular attention to individuals’ motivation and self-determination to choose their health behaviors. Motivation and self-determination aspects go in a parallel direction with leisure research, because these two aspects are the two most relevant preconditions of leisure engagement. In Mexico, the context of interest in this study, there is little knowledge about older adults’ leisure behaviors. This research has focused on understanding why older adults do what they do in their leisure time. The purpose was to understand the process behind older adults’ leisure motivations and their leisure preferences. A conceptual framework named “the motivational process for leisure behaviors” was used. The conceptual framework that guided this work is a modification of Self-Determination theory (SDT). The elements from SDT are: motivational orientations, psychological needs, and social environments. This framework is a modification of SDT because of the addition of two elements: places and socio-demographic characteristics. An interpretative case study was used. In-depth interviews were conducted with six men and 12 women participants (60 years or older) living in the second largest city of Mexico: Guadalajara. Theoretical coding was used for analyzing the data. Findings were synthesized into five core themes: (1) the majority of older adults is self-determined and engage over the long term in leisure activities; (2) the fulfillment of psychological needs is not always a precondition for leisure engagement; (3) engagement in outdoors leisure is constrained by the functionality of the place; (4) gender inequality and gender roles affect women’s motivation for their leisure engagement; and, (5) traditional ways of conceptualizing the need for relatedness and the need for competence need to be re-considered. Overall, the conceptual framework proposed was useful for understanding the motivational process of older adults in their leisure behaviors. All motivational orientations were preceded by one or more of the other concepts proposed. It was also established that some of these concepts were interrelated. Several practical implications were also discussed.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R39948
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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File title: It might be relevant then to get answers about why, where, and with whom older adults prefer to spend their leisure time
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