Download the full-sized PDF of Development of Fabrics for Steam and Hot Water ProtectionDownload the full-sized PDF



Permanent link (DOI):


Export to: EndNote  |  Zotero  |  Mendeley


This file is in the following communities:

Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of


This file is in the following collections:

Theses and Dissertations

Development of Fabrics for Steam and Hot Water Protection Open Access


Other title
energy and mass transfer
thermal protective clothing
steam hazard
hot water hazard
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Murtaza, Ghulam
Supervisor and department
Crown, E.M (Human Ecology)
Batcheller, Jane (Human Ecology)
Examining committee member and department
Ackerman, Mark (Mechanical Engineering)
McQueen, Rachel (Human Ecology)
Department of Human Ecology
Textiles and Clothing
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
Recently, use of steam and hot water in extracting and producing oil has become extensive, especially in bitumen extraction from oil sands and plants producing heavy oil. Temperatures of steam and hot water used are well above those that result in skin burns. This research reports on the development and testing of fabric systems intended for use in protective clothing to be worn by workers in the oil and gas sector for short-duration protection from both steam and hot water. To evaluate the fabrics developed, bench-scale tests were conducted with steam pressure of 210 kPa at 150 °C and hot water pressure of 0.6 kPa at 85 °C and with a flow rate of six l/min. Results indicated that the energy transfer through the fabric systems under a jet of steam or hot water is a function of several inter-related material parameters such as mass, thickness, location of moisture barrier, fabric construction, compressibility and fabric system density. Fabric thickness and density were found to be the most important factors for steam and hot water protection.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication
Ackerman, M.Y., Crown, E.M., Dale, J.D., Murtaza, G., Batcheller, J., & Gonzalez, J.A. (2012). Development of a test apparatus/method and material specifications for protection from steam under pressure. Performance of Protective Clothing and Equipment: Emerging Issues and Technologies, ASTM STP 1544, American Society for Testing and Materials, West Conshohocken, PA. doi: 10.1520/STP104104.

File Details

Date Uploaded
Date Modified
Audit Status
Audits have not yet been run on this file.
File format: pdf (Portable Document Format)
Mime type: application/pdf
File size: 3960658
Last modified: 2015:10:12 14:19:16-06:00
Filename: Murtaza_Ghulam_Fall 2012.pdf
Original checksum: a985d789c27d02670513c7b10d24d3b5
Well formed: true
Valid: true
File title: Thesis title page September 19 2012.pdf
Page count: 131
Activity of users you follow
User Activity Date