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“A Place to Stand:” Viewing Numa Ayrinhac’s Double Portrait of President Juan Perón and his Wife Eva María Duarte at the Museo del Bicentenario Open Access


Other title
Museum Spectatorship
Argentinian Masculinities and Femininities
Numa Ayrinhac
Museo del Bicentenario
Juan and Eva Perón
Argentinian canon formation
Juan Manuel de Rosas
Latin American official portraiture
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Erregue, Luciana
Supervisor and department
M. Elizabeth Boone
Examining committee member and department
Davies, Walter (Art and Design)
Boone, M. Elizabeth (Art and Design)
McTavish, Lianne (Art and Design, University of Alberta)
Hailmann, Jaymie (History and Classics)
Department of Art and Design
History of Art, Design, and Visual Culture
Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Arts
Degree level
The current display of Numa Ayrinhac’s double portrait of Argentinian presidential couple, Juan Domingo Perón and Eva María Duarte de Perón from 1948, at the Museo del Bicentenario in Buenos Aires remains a powerfully sacred instrument of presidential propaganda, now in support of current President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner. A closer look, however, reveals multiple meanings and modes of viewing embedded within the portrait. While past anti-Peronist de-facto governments have attempted, and failed, to erase its material existence, the Argentinian art world has successfully excluded the name of Numa Ayrinhac from its canon until this day. My investigation complicates established understandings of Peronist portraiture and illuminates Numa Ayrinhac’s still problematic position in the Argentinian art world, engages with nineteenth-century Argentinian official portraiture, and considers the past contexts of production and exhibition of Peronist portraiture during the mid-twentieth century. This thesis constitutes a performative act of individual viewing, productively inviting other viewers to join in an on-going conversation.
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
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