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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3M902H22

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The role of microtopography in the expression of soil propagule banks on reclamation sites Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
microrelief
loose piling
slope aspect
reclamation
microtopography
soil water
seed bank
mining
vegetation establishment
propagule bank
forest restoration
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Melnik, Katharine O
Supervisor and department
Landhäusser, Simon M. (Renewable Resources)
Examining committee member and department
Devito, Kevin (Biological Sciences)
Nielsen, Scott (Renewable Resources)
Department
Department of Renewable Resources
Specialization
Land reclamation and remediation
Date accepted
2017-09-27T12:03:49Z
Graduation date
2017-11:Fall 2017
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
Legacy propagule banks of salvaged topsoils are excellent sources of plant propagules for reclamation of mine sites. However, prior studies show that less than 50% of species found in original propagule banks actually establish. We hypothesize that the expression of this legacy propagule bank is limited by a lack of diversity of microsites and appropriate growing conditions. In an operational-scale field experiment we manipulated topographical characteristics and substrate materials and explored early vegetation establishment on an east- and south-facing slope. Three different site treatments with different microtopographic characteristics: (i) levelled surface, (ii) parallel ridges, and (iii) large loose piles were created using salvaged upland and lowland forest floor soil material. Placing materials in loose hills and providing heterogeneity in substrates more than doubled plant abundance, species richness, and increased the proportion of species that require higher soil moisture. However, the site’s overall slope aspect had a modulating effect on microtopographic treatments, with the greatest treatment effect on species richness and plant abundance occurring on the east-facing slope, while the greatest effect of treatment on the proportion of species requiring higher soil moisture was observed on the south-facing slope. Lower micro-elevations and northern microaspects of the microtopographic structures had higher soil water content, species richness and plant abundance. Micro-elevation had the greatest effect on expression of vegetation on hills constructed from cover soil salvaged from upland forests, while microaspect affected vegetation the most on hills constructed from cover soil salvaged from low-lying areas. Variability in microtopography and substrate can create favourable growing conditions that help express a wider range of species from the legacy propagule bank at operational scale.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3M902H22
Rights
This thesis is made available by the University of Alberta Libraries with permission of the copyright owner solely for the purpose of private, scholarly or scientific research. This thesis, or any portion thereof, may not otherwise be copied or reproduced without the written consent of the copyright owner, except to the extent permitted by Canadian copyright law.
Citation for previous publication
Melnik K, Landhäusser SM, Devito K (in press) The role of microtopography in the expression of soil propagule banks on reclamation sites. Restoration Ecology. doi: 10.1111/rec.12587

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