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Image registration in adaptive radiation therapy Open Access


Other title
adaptive radiation therapy
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Rivest, Ryan
Supervisor and department
Fallone, Gino (Physics)
Riauka, Terence (Oncology)
Examining committee member and department
Slomka, Piotr (Medicine, University of California-Los Angeles)
Marchand, Richard (Physics)
Robinson, Don (Oncology)
Morsink, Sharon (Physics)
Sloboda, Ron (Oncology)
Department of Physics

Date accepted
Graduation date
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
This thesis focuses on the development, validation and application of image registration software in adaptive radiation therapy. The contents can be divided into three components: deformable image registration validation, rigid registration based daily patient positioning and deformable image registration for dose accumulation. In the first component, a protocol was developed for the validation of commercial deformable registration systems, applicable to a wide range of applications. The protocol was used to assess the capabilities of a commercial system and results suggest that deformable registration could potentially be optimized by treating applications separately instead of using one algorithm for all applications. The use of rigid registration for daily positioning of helical tomotherapy prostate patients was investigated in the second component. We quantified alignment discrepancies between daily treatment MVCT images and their corresponding planning CT images resulting from different automated rigid registration schemes. Based on alignments, errors in prostate positioning that would occur if patient repositioning was based on mutual information optimization of entire images or simply bony anatomy were evaluated, with the latter having a 20% decreased average prostate misplacement. The dosimetric implications of performing patient positioning based on either bony anatomy matching or prostate matching in treatment and planning images were also investigated. Prostate doses were fairly insensitive, however, doses to the radiation sensitive bladder and rectum varied with not only positioning strategy, but also the direction of daily prostate motion. The third component of this thesis involves the use of deformable registration and dose accumulation in the comparison of treatment and planning doses. Using correlation coefficient optimization and assuming B-spline parameterized deformations, we demonstrated that deformable registration can be improved by performing separate registrations over each clinically relevant region on interest. Our deformable model was incorporated into a dose accumulation framework and cumulative treatment doses were compared to those that were planned. In addition, cumulative doses that would have been delivered had patient positioning been based on bone matching and prostate matching were also evaluated. These studies may suggest that daily anatomical variations play a greater role in treatment dosimetry than does the selection of registration based image guidance procedure.
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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