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Exploratory Study of Motivational Factors for Male and Female Ethiopian Long Distance Runners Open Access


Other title
Motivational factors, Ethiopian long distance runners, Self-determination theory
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Bucan, Sanja
Supervisor and department
Dr. Wendy Rodgers (Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation)
Examining committee member and department
Dr. Jim Denison (Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation)
Dr. Nancy Melnychuk (Faculty of Education)
Faculty of Physical Education and Recreation

Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Science
Degree level
Based on Self-Determination Theory (e.g., Deci & Ryan, 1985a, 2000; Ryan & Deci, 2002) this research focused on the motivation of ten elite Ethiopian male and female long distance runners. The semi-structured interview guide based on the SDT was transcribed verbatim and subjected to an inductive-deductive analysis approach based on the methodological guidance provided by Maykut & Morehouse (1994). Results revealed the integrated type of motivation to be the most evident among the runners. The data were organized into three broad categories that emerged through the interviews. The three categories are nationalism, economics and fame. Within each category there are themes or subcategories that emerged across various perceptions of the Ethiopian runners. The data revealed that among different types of motivation classified by the Self-Determination Theory (e.g., Deci & Ryan, 1985a, 2000; Ryan & Deci, 2002) there are multiple social factors that influence Ethiopian runners as well.
License granted by Sanja Bucan ( on 2010-07-12T16:29:10Z (GMT): Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of the above terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis, and except as herein provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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File title: 2BAcknowledgments
File title: University of Alberta
File author: Sanja Bucan
Page count: 175
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