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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3HD11

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Ecophysiology And Carbon Allocation Of Aspen And Balsam Poplar Seedlings In Response To Drought Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Populus tremuloides
Drought, carbon starvation, hydraulic failure, carbohydrates
Populus balsamifera
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Galvez Alcaraz, David A
Supervisor and department
Landhäusser, Simon M (Renewable Resources)
Examining committee member and department
Cahill, James F (Biological Sciences)
Tyree, M. T. (Renewable Resources)
Hacke, Uwe (Renewable Resources)
Lieffers, Victor (Renewable Resources)
Rood, Stewart (Biological Sciences at University of Lethbridge)
Department
Department of Renewable Resources
Specialization
Forest Biology And Management
Date accepted
2012-09-25T16:01:15Z
Graduation date
2012-09
Degree
Doctor of Philosophy
Degree level
Doctoral
Abstract
Drought-induced forest mortality has been recorded in every forested continent. Although the effect of drought on plant growth, physiology and ecology have been extensively studied in the past, the physiological mechanism leading to plant mortality under drought conditions are far from being resolved. These mechanisms interact in very complex feedbacks between gas exchange, water relations and carbon reserves. Additionally, drought is theorized to increase plant susceptibility to other biotic stressors, such as herbivory. Questions on these issues were addressed through a series of experiments under greenhouse and outside conditions at the University of Alberta, Edmonton. Seedlings of trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides) and balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) were artificially droughted and defoliated under controlled conditions to evaluated the effects of drought and herbivory on growth, gas exchange, water relations and carbon reserve accumulation dynamics across tissues during different time lengths. In two separated experiments mild and severe drought treatments were imposed on aspen and balsam poplar seedlings after controlled desiccation protocols and drought targets were identified. Mild drought stress had no effect on many of the measured variables in balsam poplar seedlings and, although the impact of mild drought increased over time, results suggested that under mild drought conditions balsam poplar seedlings prioritized growth over hydraulic safety. In aspen, accumulation of carbon reserves took place under drought conditions, which is contrary to the original predictions of the current leading theory on mechanisms of plant mortality under drought conditions, the carbon starvation hypothesis (CSH). Based on the previous results, two additional experiments were implemented to explore the effect of drought and defoliation on physiological and growth variables of both species over an extended period of time including a full growing season and a dormant period. Although both treatments affect carbon reserve dynamics, the underlying mechanisms were different. Results from these two experiments are, to our knowledge, the first experimental evidence describing some of the feedbacks between gas exchange, water relation and carbon reserve accumulation dynamics that may lead to plant mortality, and highlighted additional roles of carbohydrates, such as frost protection to roots, currently overlooked by the CSH.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3HD11
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
Citation for previous publication
Galvez D.A., Landhäusser S.M., Tyree M.T. 2011. Root carbon reserve dynamics in aspen seedlings: does simulated drought induce reserve limitation? Tree Physiology 31:250-257.

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