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Combining Clauses by Native and Non-native Speakers of Japanese Open Access


Other title
Japanese language
Type of item
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Yuji, Abe
Supervisor and department
Ono, Tsuyoshi (East Asian Studies)
Examining committee member and department
Ono, Tsuyoshi (East Asian Studies)
Jiang, Wendy (East Asian Studies)
Lam, Yvonne ( Modern Languages and Cultural Studies)
Department of East Asian Studies

Date accepted
Graduation date
Master of Arts
Degree level
This study explores how native and non-native speakers (L1 English intermediate) of Japanese combine clauses in spoken language, examines how clause-combining is presented in Japanese textbooks, and makes suggestions to teaching. It was found that native speakers tend to combine clauses but non-native speakers tend not to. Of the three ways to combine clauses, the native speakers used conjunctive suffixes the most, followed by conjunctive particles. Conjunctions were used least. The non-native speakers showed a preference for conjunctions. Most of the forms used by the non-native speakers were used by the native speakers and covered in the textbooks. The forms frequently used by the nonnative speakers were used by the native speakers frequently, and were taught early. However, some of the forms which the native speakers used were not presented in the textbooks at all. Introducing clause-combining forms from the beginning and teaching important forms in the textbooks is suggested.
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