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Permanent link (DOI): https://doi.org/10.7939/R3XW2Z

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Violence against women: impacts on psychological health and stress hormones Open Access

Descriptions

Other title
Subject/Keyword
Immigrant
Stress
Health
Violence
Gender
Entrapment
Cortisol
Dexamethasone
Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal
Type of item
Thesis
Degree grantor
University of Alberta
Author or creator
Chivers-Wilson, Kaitlin
Supervisor and department
Hegadoren, Kathy (Nursing)
Examining committee member and department
Coupland, Nicholas (Psychiatry)
Joyce, Anthony (Psychiatry)
Department
Department of Psychiatry
Specialization

Date accepted
2009-07-16T17:29:44Z
Graduation date
2009-11
Degree
Master of Science
Degree level
Master's
Abstract
This thesis contributes to the growing body of gender-specific health research by integrating both psychological and neuroendocrine data to assess the impacts of stress and violence on women's health. Women seeking support for intimate partner violence (IPV) were compared with women seeking support for non-interpersonal stressors (stress associated with immigration). Psychological measures included perceived stress and entrapment and mental defeat (EMD) scores as well as assessment of Axis I disorders. Neuroendocrine measures included basal levels of salivary cortisol and percent suppression of cortisol after the low-dose dexamethasone suppression test (DST). Positive relationships were found between experiences of IPV and perceived stress, EMD and Axis I diagnosis. The neuroendocrine measures did not differentiate IPV from non-interpersonal stressors and both groups showed hypersuppression of cortisol after the DST. IPV influences women's perceptions about EMD and perceived stress. By integrating neuroendocrine and psychological measures, further development of gender-specific stress models may occur.
Language
English
DOI
doi:10.7939/R3XW2Z
Rights
Permission is hereby granted to the University of Alberta Libraries to reproduce single copies of this thesis and to lend or sell such copies for private, scholarly or scientific research purposes only. Where the thesis is converted to, or otherwise made available in digital form, the University of Alberta will advise potential users of the thesis of these terms. The author reserves all other publication and other rights in association with the copyright in the thesis and, except as herein before provided, neither the thesis nor any substantial portion thereof may be printed or otherwise reproduced in any material form whatsoever without the author's prior written permission.
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File format: pdf (Portable Document Format)
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File size: 1804179
Last modified: 2015:10:12 20:13:44-06:00
Filename: Chivers-Wilson_Kaitlin_Fall 2009.pdf
Original checksum: 8e0595df5d3c1addcab9a85306527eec
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File title: INDEX
File author: Kaitlin Chivers-Wilson
Page count: 204
File language: en-US
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