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- 1Envelope stress
- 1Gram-negative bacteria
- 1Hereditary mutations in phospholamban
Biochemical and structural characterization of CpxP and CpxA, key components of an envelope stress response in Escherichia coliDownload
The Cpx two‐component signal transduction pathway of Escherichia coli consists of an inner membrane‐localized sensor histidine kinase, CpxA, the response regulator, CpxR, and the novel periplasmic accessory protein, CpxP. These proteins mediate a bacterial stress response, sensing envelope...
In human cells, oscillations in calcium concentration serve as a mechanism for controlling a variety of physiological processes including muscle contraction and relaxation. The sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) is a calcium storage organelle in muscle cells that contains a calcium pump (SERCA) required...
The movement of calcium across sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) membranes is essential in the contraction-relaxation cycle of muscle. An influx of calcium into the muscle cell from the SR triggers muscle contraction and its removal by the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA) causes...
Sodium proton exchangers (NHEs) are polytopic membrane proteins that, in archaea, bacteria, yeast and plants, provide increased salt tolerance by removing excess toxic sodium, and in mammals regulate cell volume, growth, differentiation, proliferation, migration and apoptosis in relation to...