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The extraction, transport and refining of crude oil generates a diverse group of contaminants that pose a risk to both fresh and saltwater fishes. Adult fish can detect and actively avoid exposure to these pollutants; however, the embryonic and larval fish cannot outswim a toxic plume and are...
Trace element concentrations in riverine fish: relationships with body size, food web dynamics and trace element concentrations in surface waterDownload
Freshwater fish are an important resource and form an essential component of freshwater ecosystems. However, stressors such as water pollution are negatively impacting freshwater biodiversity. Trace elements can be environmental pollutants and have the potential to negatively impact the health of...
Animal behaviour varies across hierarchical levels made up of behaviours, personality traits, and behavioural types/syndromes. Stress coping style and anxiety are examples of behavioural types, or covariance of personality traits within individuals, and can be influenced by prior stress exposure....