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- 13D Reconstruction
- 13D Ultrasound
- 13D markerless asymmetry analysis
- 13D print
- 1Alanazi, Malik
- 1Benfield, David C.
- 1Chalmers, David E.
- 1Chan, Andrew Y-H
- 1Fok, Jonathan
- 1Ghaneei, Maliheh
This thesis describes the research and development process in creating a 3D ultrasound-based navigation system to assist screw insertion for scoliosis surgery, with a focus on children who have adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). Screw placement accuracy is critical to prevent spinal cord or...
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is a three-dimensional spinal deformity with lateral curvature and axial vertebral rotation affecting 1-3% of adolescents. Bracing is a proven non-surgical treatment aiming to stop curve progression. Literature has shown that brace wear time affects brace...
Quantification of the loads applied in biomedical applications has the potential to increase patient safety during surgical procedures and to improve the knowledge of the mechanical behavior of biological tissues. To capture the complexity of loads in biological systems, the acquisition of 3D...
While the common method for diagnosing and monitoring adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is X-ray radiographs from which a Cobb angle is measured, studies have shown that high radiation exposure is linked to high risk of cancer, particularly, for children and women. This thesis describes...
Application of a biomechanical finite element spine model to the vicious cycle scoliosis growth theory: evaluation of improved FEA geometry and material assignmentDownload
Scoliosis is defined as the abnormal three dimensional curvature of the spine with 80% of all cases being idiopathic in nature. If left unchecked, this condition can cause cardio-pulmonary complications and occasionally death. Currently, the most common method of treatment of scoliosis is through...
EMG Measurement of the fatigability of paraspinal muscles of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosisDownload
This thesis aimed to address two separate questions, 1) Are current exercise approaches to scoliosis based on a strong foundation in the literature? And 2) Do the paraspinal muscles of patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) differ in endurance properties from controls? The first...
Markerless 3D Assessment of Severity and Progression of Scoliosis Using Surface Topography on Isolated Back ScansDownload
The objectives of the thesis were to: 1. Determine if open source software can be use in markerless asymmetry analysis of surface topography. 2. Determine if isolated back scans can be used in markerless asymmetry analysis of surface topography. Markerless asymmetry analysis of surface...
Background: Scoliosis impacts Quality of Life (QOL). Stabilization exercises have been shown to be effective for improving patient reported outcomes (PROMS.); however, our literature review examining the effects of such exercises on QOL showed that such studies in adults with scoliosis are...