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Azimuthal accelerations of cylindrical surfaces co-axial with the rotation axis have been inferred to exist in Earth's fluid core on the basis of magnetic field observations and changes in the length-of-day. These accelerations have a typical timescale of decades. However, the physical...
The three-dimensional, nonlinear evolution of a shear how (or Kelvin-Helmholtz (KH)) instability driven by a large-amplitude shear Alfven wave (SAW) in the Earth's magnetosphere is studied by using numerical solutions to the complete set of ideal magnetohydrodynamic equations. An initial setup is...