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- 1Aversive conditioning
- 1Banff National Park, Alberta, Canada
- 1Behavioural flexibility
The forage maturation hypothesis (FMH) proposes that ungulate migration is driven by selection for high forage quality. Because quality declines with plant maturation, but intake declines at low biomass, ungulates are predicted to select for intermediate forage biomass to maximize energy intake...
Personality has been documented in diverse taxa and growing attention is being directed towards the ecological implications of consistent variation in individual behaviour. These implications include the rise in habituation behaviour by wildlife living in human-disturbed areas, which has resulted...
Trade-offs between predation risk and forage differ between migrant strategies in a migratory ungulateDownload
Trade-offs between predation risk and forage fundamentally drive resource selection by animals. Among migratory ungulates, trade-offs can occur at large spatial scales through migration, which allows an \"escape'' from predation, but trade-offs can also occur at finer spatial scales. Previous...