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Lake and sea ice and their snow covers are major components of Earthâs cryosphere and act to strongly modify climatic and biological systems. Both ice types serve as an important habitat for micro-fauna and support macro-fauna and strongly modify the exchange of energy, gases, and momentum...
Shotyk, W., Norenberg, T., Goodsite, M. E. G.
Abstract: An improved corer and associated equipment for obtaining continuous samples of frozen peat are described. We developed the system through laboratory and field trials-on Bathurst Island, Nunavut, Canada in 2000 and Nordvesto, Carey Islands, Greenland, in 2001-as part of efforts to...
Anthropogenic influence on the autumn migration of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in Hudson BayDownload
Migratory species may shift established spatiotemporal patterns in response to anthropogenic impacts, so understanding the energetic consequences of behavioural plasticity may provide insight into how effectively migratory species respond to climate change. I used satellite telemetry to examine...
Arctic Oil, Arctic Change: A Threefold Framework for Evaluating Pressures for Rural Oil and Gas Extraction in Alaska and the Northwest TerritoriesDownload
Oil has driven migration, community growth, and governance of the last century in the North. Today, as Arctic global warming surpasses 1°C with “profound consequences” (IPCC, 2019) for the North, the relationship between oil and climate change cannot be ignored. In light of this tension, this...
As resource exploitation and development expands in northern Canada, threats to the ecological integrity of freshwater systems increase. In Canada, developments that could negatively affect aquatic ecosystems require offsetting or compensation measures. As a result of diamond mine development, a...
The Arctic Ocean sea ice is shifting from a system dominated by thick perennial ice (multiyear ice –MYI) to one dominated by thinner, seasonal ice (first year ice – FYI). The effects of this shift on the bacterial constituents of the Arctic sea ice have been grossly under studied, although it is...
Biogeochemical impacts of glacial meltwaters across a High Arctic watershed (Lake Hazen, Nunavut, Canada)Download
Climate change across northern latitudes is fundamentally altering the hydrological cycle there, resulting in increased glacial melt, permafrost thaw and precipitation. Whereas enhanced glacial melt has potentially important implications for water quality and productivity in downstream freshwater...
Building Knowledge and Capacity to Support Healthy Eating and Active Living in the Canadian ArcticDownload
This qualitative single exploratory case study design, informed by Critical Social Theory (CST) (Habermas, 1982) and a participatory approach (Freire, 2000), explored how to build knowledge and capacity to support policy interventions that create conditions for healthy eating and active living in...
Stadnyk, Tricia A., Tefs, A., Broesky, M., Dery, S. J., Myers, Paul G., Ridenour, N. A., Koenig, K., Vonderbank, L., Gustafsson, D.
The pan-Arctic domain is undergoing some of Earth's most rapid and significant changes resulting from anthropogenic and climate-induced alteration of freshwater distribution. Changes in terrestrial freshwater discharge entering the Arctic Basin from pan-Arctic watersheds significantly impact...
Young, T. Kue, Fedkina, Natalia, Chatwood, Susan, Bjerregaard, Peter
"The eight Arctic States exhibit substantial health disparities between their remote northernmost regions and the rest of the country. This study reports on the trends and patterns in the supply and distribution of physicians, dentists and nurses in these 8 countries and 25 regions and addresses...