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Introduction: Some problems that are difficult for automated theorem provers (ATPs) are so merely because of their size, but not because of any logical or conceptual complexity. Examples of this type of difficult problem have been published in the past: see Pelletier [1986: problems 12, 29, 34,...
It is an extremely popular view among logicians and some linguists (McCawley, Hurford) that there are two distinct or's in English - an \"inclusive\" and an \"exclusive\". It seems equally popular among lexicographers, experts on proper usage, and some linguists (R. Lakoff) that there is only...
In this paper we explore a class of belief update operators, in which the definition of the operator is compositional with respect to the sentence to be added. The goal is to provide an update operator that is intuitive, in that its definition is based on a recursive decomposition of the update...
I wish to first formulate a criterion according to which two systems of logic might be said to be \"really the same system\" in spite of their having different vocabulary — especially where the difference is in the logical operators each has. One way of doing this might be to show that the...
Introduction: Emmon Bach's paper (this volume) raises a number of interesting issues, especially the questions \"What is quantification, anyway?\" and \"What is the range of different ways in which quantification can be manifested?\" Of course such questions bring up philosophical issues of how...
One way of 'restricting linguistic theory' is the L-view: place sufficient restrictions on the allowable rules of grammars so as to reduce their generative power. Another way is the G-view: disallow certain grammars, regardless of whether this results in a reduction of generative capacity. The...
P.P. Gibbins closes his article (\"The Strange Modal Logic of Indeterminacy\" Logique et Analyse #100 :443446) with \"But indeterminacy generates a strange modal logic. The semantical business of there being classes of indeterminate worlds accessible to no worlds not even to themselves is strange...
Introduction: James McCawley is a noted linguist whose concern with semantic matters in dealing with linguistic issues is well-known amongst philosophers of language. McCawley's goal here was to write a textbook that surveyed all those areas of logic he thinks are potentially of use in analyzing...
[Review of the book Formal Methods in Artificial Intelligence, by Aamsay]
Introduction: Many universities teach artificial intelligence (AI) by having one undergraduate course that introduces students to a very wide variety of topics, usually including search and search heuristics, representational systems (including formal logic), problem solving, vision, expert...
Intensional logic (IL) and its application to natural language, which the present monograph addresses, was first developed by Richard Montague in the late 1960s (e.g., Montague 1970a, 1970b). Through the efforts of (especially) Barbara Partee (e.g., Partee 1975, 1976), and Richmond Thomason, who...