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- 1Arguments from Infinity of Language
- 1Characterizing Statement
Introduction: It is traditional, at least since Grice, to make a distinction between what is called the literal meaning of an utterance and what is meant by that utterance. The former notion is sometimes thought of as ‘‘the dictionary meanings of words plus standard semantic effects of the...
Because of ‘arguments from the infinity of language’, compositionality is often seen as a ‘non-negotiable’ feature of any theory of the semantics of natural language. But there are a number of features of ‘ordinary language discourse’ that make it seem that compositionality is not true of natural...
This chapter introduces the linguistic phenomena that are called “genericity” (both the so‐called reference to a kind and the characterizing statement types) and shows how they have figured into a wide range of fields, such as ethics and philosophy of science (both within philosophy), commonsense...
This chapter investigates the rationale for having the lexical categories or features mass and count. Some theories make the features be syntactic; others make it be semantic. It is concluded here that none of the standard accounts of their function actually serve the purpose for which they are...
This paper is an investigation into the role of linguistics in philosophical theorizing. In particular, we will show how linguistic evidence can be adduced in support of an event approach to action verbs and their adverbial modifiers: if we increase the adicity of verbs, if we allow there to be...
In Pelletier and Asher (1997) we presented a modal conditional analysis of the semantic interpretation of characterizing generics (in the terminology of Krifka et al. 1995). Since that time there have been a number of advances to our understanding of this area: Cohen (1999a,b, 2005), Leslie...
Introduction: Emmon Bach's paper (this volume) raises a number of interesting issues, especially the questions \"What is quantification, anyway?\" and \"What is the range of different ways in which quantification can be manifested?\" Of course such questions bring up philosophical issues of how...