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- 7Hartling, Lisa
- 7Vandermeer, Ben
- 5Tjosvold, Lisa
- 3Klassen, Terry P.
- 2Bialy, Liza M.
- 2Fernandes, Ricardo M.
- 2Cochrane Acute Respiratory Infections Group
- 1Adolescent Behavior
A descriptive analysis of a representative sample of pediatric randomized controlled trials published in 2007Download
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for trials assessing the effects of therapeutic interventions; therefore it is important to understand how they are conducted. Our objectives were to provide an overview of a representative sample of pediatric RCTs published in...
Brief Emergency Department Interventions for Youth Who Use Alcohol and Other Drugs: A Systematic ReviewDownload
Objective: Brief intervention (BI) is recommended for use with youth who use alcohol and other drugs. Emergency departments (EDs) can provide BIs at a time directly linked to harmful and hazardous use. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of EDbased BIs....
Diagnosing Clinically Significant Dehydration in Children with Acute Gastroenteritis Using Noninvasive Methods: A Meta-AnalysisDownload
OBJECTIVE: To determine the most accurate, noninvasive method of assessing dehydration. STUDY DESIGN: The following data sources were searched: electronic databases, gray literature, scientific meetings, reference lists, and authors of unpublished studies. Eligible studies were comparative...
Background: Bronchodilators are commonly used for acute bronchiolitis, despite uncertain effectiveness. Objectives: To examine the efficacy and safety of epinephrine in children less than two with acute viral bronchiolitis. Search methods: We searched CENTRAL (2010, Issue 3) which contains the...
BACKGROUND: Previous systematic reviews have not shown clear benefit of glucocorticoids for acute viral bronchiolitis, but their use remains considerable. Recent large trials add substantially to current evidence and suggest novel glucocorticoid-including treatment approaches. OBJECTIVES: To...
Background: Nutritional support in the critically ill child has not been well investigated and is a controversial topic within paediatric intensive care. There are no clear guidelines as to the best form or timing of nutrition in critically ill infants and children. Objectives: To assess the...
Background: One of the best sources for high quality information about healthcare interventions is a systematic review. A well-conducted systematic review includes a comprehensive literature search. There is limited empiric evidence to guide the extent of searching, in particular the number of...