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- 20Chan, Catherine B.
- 7Wheeler, Michael B.
- 4Koshkin, Vasilij
- 3Bell, Rhonda C.
- 2Adisakwattana, Sirichai
- 2Dai, Feihan F.
- 3Physical Activity
- 2Adipose Tissue
- 2Advanced Glycation End Products
Background Adipose tissue mitochondria have been implicated as key mediators of systemic metabolism. We have shown that IL-6 activates AMPK, a mediator of mitochondrial biogenesis, in adipose tissue; however, IL-6−/− mice fed a high fat diet have been reported to develop insulin resistance. These...
Inhibition of Kv2.1 voltage-dependent K+ channels in pancreatic ß-cells enhances glucose-dependent insulin secretionDownload
Chan, Catherine B., Wang, Jianli, Sakellaropoulos, George, Tsushima, Robert G., Joseph, Jamie W., Smukler, Simon R., Sewing, Sabine, Saleh, Monique C., Wang, Jing, Salapatek, Anne Marie F., Wheeler, Michael B., MacDonald, Patrick E.
Voltage-dependent (Kv) outward K+ currents repolarize β-cell action potentials during a glucose stimulus to limit Ca2+ entry and insulin secretion. Dominant-negative “knockout” of Kv2 family channels enhances glucose-stimulated insulin secretion. Here we show that a putative Kv2.1 antagonist...
Isoferulic acid prevents methylglyoxal-induced protein glycation and DNA damage by free radical scavenging activityDownload
Background Isoferulic acid (IFA), a naturally occurring cinnamic acid derivative, is a main active ingredient of the rhizoma of Cimicifuga dahurica. It has been shown various pharmacological activities. The aim of the study was to investigate the effect of IFA against MG-induced protein glycation...
Isoferulic acid, a new anti-glycation agent, inhibits fructose- and glucose-mediated protein glycation in vitroDownload
The inhibitory activity of isoferulic acid (IFA) on fructose- and glucose-mediated protein glycation and oxidation of bovine serum albumin (BSA) was investigated. Our data showed that IFA (1.25–5 mM) inhibited the formation of fluorescent advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and non-fluorescent...
Limited mitochondrial permeabilization is an early manifestation of palmitate-induced lipotoxicity in pancreatic ß-cellsDownload
Involvement of the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore in early stages of lipotoxic stress in the pancreatic β-cell lines MIN6 and INS-1 was the focus of this study. Both long term (indirect) and acute (direct) effects of fatty acid (FA) application on β-cell susceptibility to...
Excessive free fatty acid (FFA) exposure represents a potentially important diabetogenic condition that can impair insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. Because mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation is a main link between glucose metabolism and insulin secretion, in the present work we...
Background The weather may be a barrier to physical activity but objective assessment of this hypothesis is lacking. Therefore we evaluated the effect of temperature, rain or snow, and wind speed on the daily physical activity of adults. Methods This report contains data from 25 males (BMI (mean...
The characterization of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) in clonal pancreatic beta cells: Multiple modes and regulationDownload
Mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), which contributes substantially to the regulation of normal mitochondrial metabolism, also plays a crucial role in the initiation of cell death. It is known that MPT is regulated in a tissue-specific manner. The importance of MPT in the pancreatic...
The reliability and validity of the perceived dietary adherence questionnaire for people with type 2 diabetesDownload
Nutrition therapy is essential for diabetes treatment, and assessment of dietary intake can be time consuming. The purpose of this study was to develop a reliable and valid instrument to measure diabetic patients’ adherence to Canadian diabetes nutrition recommendations. Specific information...
Background Optimal pancreatic β-cell function is essential for the regulation of glucose homeostasis in both humans and animals and its impairment leads to the development of diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is a polygenic disease aggravated by environmental factors such as low physical activity or a...