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Although infectious diseases impose a heavy economic burden on the cattle industry, the etiology of many disorders that affect livestock is not fully elucidated, and effective countermeasures are often lacking. The main tools available until now have been vaccines, antibiotics and antiparasitic...
Bioinformatic analyses in early host response to Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome virus PRRSV reveals pathway differences between pigs with alternate genotypes for a major host response QTLDownload
Bao, Hua, Schroyen, Martine, Rowland, Robert R.R., Guan, Le L., Stothard, Paul, Reecy, James M., Fritz-Waters, Eric, Koltes, James E., Kommadath, Arun, Plastow, Graham S., Eisley, Christopher, Tuggle, Christopher K. , Dekkers, Jack C.M., Lunney, Joan K., Choi, Igseo
Background A region on Sus scrofa chromosome 4 (SSC4) surrounding single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) marker WUR10000125 (WUR) has been reported to be strongly associated with both weight gain and serum viremia in pigs after infection with PRRS virus (PRRSV). A proposed causal mutation in the...
Genome wide association studies (GWAS) identify QTL on SSC2 and SSC17 affecting loin peak shear force in crossbred commercial pigsDownload
Of all the meat quality traits, tenderness is considered the most important with regard to eating quality and market value. In this study we have utilised genome wide association studies (GWAS) for peak shear force (PSF) of loin muscle as a measure of tenderness for 1,976 crossbred commercial...
Comparative transcriptomic analysis of rectal tissue from beef steers revealed reduced host immunity in Escherichia coli O157:H7 super-sheddersDownload
Super-shedder cattle are a major disseminator of E. coli O157:H7 into the environment, and the terminal rectum has been proposed as the primary E. coli O157:H7 colonization site. This study aimed to identify host factors that are associated with the super-shedding process by comparing...
A genome-wide association study of fetal response to type 2 porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus challengeDownload
Control of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome (PRRS) is economically important for the swine industry worldwide. As current PRRS vaccines do not completely protect against heterologous challenge, alternative means of control, including enhanced genetic resilience, are needed. For...
Coordinated international action to accelerate genome-to-phenome with FAANG, the Functional Annotation of Animal Genomes projectDownload
Tosser-Klopp, G., Zhou, H., Palti, Y., Nanduri, B., Tixier-Boichard, M., Silverstein, J., Plastow, G. S., Sarropoulou, E., Brauning, R., Zhao, S., Rohrer, G. A., Elsik, C. G., Cheng, H. H., Giuffra, E., Notredame, C., Khatib, H., Vilkki, J., Couldrey, C., Archibald, A. L., Tellam, R. L., Schmidt, C. J., Reecy, J. M., Clarke, L., Huang, L. S., Groenen, M. A., McEwan, J. C., Burt, D. W., Kim, H., Bottema, C. D., Kijas, J. W., Dalrymple, B. P., White, S. N., Burgess, S. C., Hayes, B. J., McCarthy, F. M., Moore, S., Foissac, S., Lunney, J. K., Andersson, L., Tuggle, C. K., Casas, E.
We describe the organization of a nascent international effort, the Functional Annotation of Animal Genomes (FAANG) project, whose aim is to produce comprehensive maps of functional elements in the genomes of domesticated animal species.
Dominant Red Coat Color in Holstein Cattle Is Associated with a Missense Mutation in the Coatomer Protein Complex, Subunit Alpha (COPA) GeneDownload
Coat color in Holstein dairy cattle is primarily controlled by the melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) gene, a central determinant of black (eumelanin) vs. red/brown pheomelanin synthesis across animal species. The major MC1R alleles in Holsteins are Dominant Black (MC1RD) and Recessive Red (MC1Re). A...
Genome-wide whole blood microRNAome and transcriptome analyses revealed miRNA-mRNA regulated host response to foodborne pathogen Salmonella infection in swineDownload
To understand the role of miRNAs in regulating genes involved in host response to bacterial infection and shedding of foodborne pathogens, a systematic profiling of miRNAs and mRNAs from the whole blood of pigs upon Salmonella challenge was performed. A total of 62 miRNAs were differentially...
Identification of a putative quantitative trait nucleotide in guanylate binding protein 5 for host response to PRRS virus infectionDownload
Choi, I., Guan, L., Plastow, G. S., Liu, P., Koltes, J. E., Loyd, H., Boddicker, N. J., Eisley, C. J., Schroyen, M., Bao, H., Dekkers, J. C. M., Kommadath, A., Abrams, S. M., Reecy, J. M., Rowland, R. R. R., Serão, N. V. L., Lunney, J. K., Carpenter, S., Stothard, P., Fritz-Waters, E., Tuggle, C. K.
Background Previously, we identified a major quantitative trait locus (QTL) for host response to Porcine Respiratory and Reproductive Syndrome virus (PRRSV) infection in high linkage disequilibrium (LD) with SNP rs80800372 on Sus scrofa chromosome 4 (SSC4). Results Within this QTL,...
Arantes, Adriano S., Coros, Colin, Moore, Stephen, Liao, Xiaoping, Crowley, John J., Sargolzaei, Mehdi, Miller, Stephen P., Schenkel, Flavio, Stothard, Paul, Basarab, John A., De Pauw, Mary, Plastow, Graham S.
Background The Canadian Cattle Genome Project is a large-scale international project that aims to develop genomics-based tools to enhance the efficiency and sustainability of beef and dairy production. Obtaining DNA sequence information is an important part of achieving this goal as it...