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- 48Chemical and Materials Engineering, Department of
- 48Chemical and Materials Engineering, Department of/Research Articles and Materials (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
- 8Surgery, Department of
- 8Surgery, Department of/Orthopaedic Surgery
- 1ERA General Collection
- 1ERA General Collection/Research Materials (ERA General)
- 9Rapid Solidification
- 7Impulse Atomization
- 5Articular cartilage
Background Vitrification is a method of cryopreservation by which cells and tissues can be preserved at low temperatures using cryoprotective agents (CPAs) at high concentrations (typically ⩾6.0 M) to limit the harmful effects of ice crystals that can form during cooling processes. However, at...
Investigating cryoinjury using simulations and experiments: 1. TF-1 cells during two-step freezing (rapid cooling interrupted with a hold time)Download
There is significant interest in designing a cryopreservation protocol for hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) which does not rely on dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) as a cryoprotectant. Computer simulations that describe cellular osmotic responses during cooling and warming can be used to optimize the...
Objective: Osteochondral allografting is an effective method to treat large osteochondral defects but difficulties in tissue preservation have significantly limited the application of this technique. Successful cryopreservation of articular cartilage (AC) could improve the clinical availability...
Articular cartilage injuries do not heal and large defects result in osteoarthritis with major personal and socioeconomic costs. Osteochondral transplantation is an effective treatment for large joint defects but its use is limited by the inability to store cartilage for long periods of time....
Rapid solidification of D2 tool steel is investigated experimentally using ElectroMagnetic Levitation (EML) under terrestrial and reduced gravity conditions and Impulse Atomization (IA), a drop tube type of apparatus. IA produces powders 300 to 1400 μm in size. This allows the investigation of a...
Hypereutectic Al-18wt.%Si alloy is widely used in automotive industry as a wear resistant alloy for engine components. However, in the last few years, this traditional composition is being considered for processing by different rapid solidification methods. Positive points include its low thermal...
Evaluation of Cold-Wire Addition Effect on Heat Input and Productivity of Tandem Submerged Arc Welding for Low-Carbon Microalloyed SteelsDownload
The addition of a cold wire in conventional tandem submerged arc welding (TSAW), i.e., the CWTSAW process, is proposed to improve the productivity of pipeline manufacturing by increasing welding travel speed and deposition rate, while retaining adequate joint geometry without increasing the...
Dilatometry is the most accurate and common method for measuring the kinetics of phase transformations in solid specimens. Despite the development of a more accurate technique, an inferior method, i.e., the lever rule, is widely used in the scientific community to interpret raw dilatometry data....