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- 36Field, Catherine J.
- 29Stothard, Paul
- 24Gänzle, Michael G.
- 21Proctor, Spencer D.
- 20Chan, Catherine B.
- 17Guan, Leluo
Vitamin D supplementation and bone health in adults with diabetic nephropathy: The protocol for a randomised controlled trialDownload
Background Suboptimal vitamin D status is highly prevalent in Northern communities, particularly in those patients with chronic diseases such as diabetes and chronic renal disease. Emerging literature suggests that adherence to daily vitamin D supplementation may be an important factor...
Vaccenic and elaidic acid modify plasma and splenocyte membrane phospholipids and mitogen-stimulated cytokine production in obese insulin resistant JCR:LA-cp ratsDownload
This study assessed the long-term effects of dietary vaccenic acid (VA) and elaidic acid (EA) on plasma and splenocyte phospholipid (PL) composition and related changes in inflammation and splenocyte phenotypes and cytokine responses in obese/insulin resistant JCR:LA-cp rats. Relative to lean...
Vaccenic acid suppresses intestinal inflammation by increasing the endocannabinoid anandamide and non-cannabinoid signaling molecules in a rat model of the metabolic syndromeDownload
Jacome-Sosa, Miriam, Proctor, Spencer D., Field, Catherine J., Vacca, Claudia, Nelson, Randy C., Mangat, Rabban, Reaney, Martin J., Curtis, Jonathan M., Banni, Sebastiano, Diane, Abdoulaye, Piomelli, Daniele, Igarash, Miki, Vine, Donna F., Shen, Jianheng
Vaccenic acid (VA), the predominant ruminant-derived trans fat in the food chain, ameliorates hyperlipidemia, yet mechanisms remain elusive. We investigated whether VA could influence tissue endocannabinoids (ECs) by altering the availability of their biosynthetic precursor, arachidonic acid...
Vaccenic acid (VA) is a ruminant-derived trans-fat and precursor of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of VA on immune function in a model of the metabolic syndrome, JCR:LA-cp rats. Lean (2:1 mix of +/cp and +/+) and obese (cp/cp) rats,...
Understory responses to mechanical restoration and drought within Montane forests of British ColumbiaDownload
Pre- and post-thinning relationships between forest overstorey and understorey characteristics at sites in both the Interior Douglas-fir (IDF) and Ponderosa Pine (PP) biogeoclimatic zones in the East Kootenay region of southeast British Columbia were investigated to quantify understorey responses...
Understanding the influence of state/phase transitions on ice recrystallization in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) during frozen storageDownload
Temperature fluctuations during storage and distribution of frozen foods lead to ice recrystallization and microstructural modifications that can affect food quality. Low temperature transitions may occur in frozen foods due to temperature fluctuations, resulting in less viscous and partially...
Understanding postprandial inflammation and its relationship to lifestyle behaviour and metabolic diseasesDownload
Postprandial hyperlipidemia with accumulation of remnant lipoproteins is a common metabolic disturbance associated with atherosclerosis and vascular dysfunction, particularly during chronic disease states such as obesity, the metabolic syndrome and, diabetes. Remnant lipoproteins become attached...
Undersowing rutabaga with clover: Impact on Delia radicum (Diptera: Anthomyiidae) and its natural enemiesDownload
The cabbage maggot, Delia radicum (L.), is a serious pest of cruciferous crops in temperate regions of North America and Europe. The effects of undersowing rutabaga, Brassica napus L. subsp. rapifera Metzg. (Brassicaceae), with white clover, Trifolium repens L. (Leguminosae), on second-generation...
UV-C light inactivation of penicillium expansum on pear surfaces: Influence on physicochemical and sensory quality during storageDownload
UV-C inactivation kinetic data of Penicillium expansum on intact and wounded pear disks were determined. P. expansum conidia (0.5 mL, 1.6 × 107 CFU/mL) were spot inoculated onto intact and wounded pear tissue with skin (excised disks), treated with UV-C doses ranging 0.101–3.06 kJ/m2 at 23 °C and...
Transport and reaction processes in bioremediation of organic contaminants. 1. Review of bacterial degradation and transportDownload
Bioremediation of contaminants in soil and water involves a complex interplay between transport processes and biological reactions. Equilibrium physical factors such as aqueous solubility, soil adsorption, and phase partitioning indicate the transport processes that can limit bioremediation,...