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- 36Field, Catherine J.
- 29Stothard, Paul
- 21Gänzle, Michael G.
- 21Proctor, Spencer D.
- 20Chan, Catherine B.
- 17Guan, Leluo
Background Proanthocyanidins (PAs) accumulate in the seeds, fruits and leaves of various plant species including the seed coats of pea (Pisum sativum), an important food crop. PAs have been implicated in human health, but molecular and biochemical characterization of pea PA biosynthesis has not...
Background MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of ~22 nucleotide small RNA molecules which regulate gene expression by fully or partially binding to their complementary sequences in mRNAs or promoters. A large number of miRNAs and their expression patterns have been reported in human, mouse and rat....
A single barn was sampled throughout a turkey growth cycle to investigate the size and distribution of airborne particles and to identify individual dust sources. Fecal material was found to be the main constituent of airborne dust in turkey barns. The aerodynamic properties of airborne dust and...
Characterization of Type-2 Diacylglycerol Acyltransferases in the Green Microalga Chromochloris zofingiensisDownload
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the last and committed step of the acyl-CoA-dependent TAG biosynthesis and thus is a key target for manipulating oil production in microalgae. The microalga Chromochloris zofingiensis can accumulate substantial amounts of triacylglycerol (TAG) and...
Characterisation of bacterial microbiota of the vagina of dairy cows and isolation of pediocin-producing Pediococcus acidilacticiDownload
Background Uterine infections in dairy cows lower profitability of dairy operations. Infections of the reproductive tract are related to the overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria during the first three weeks after parturition. However, alterations in the vaginal microbiota composition in the first...
Changes in the triacylglycerol content of flaxseeds during development using liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure photoionization-mass spectrometry (LC-APPI-MS)Download
Changes in the composition of triacylglycerols (TAGs) of three varieties of flaxseeds (H52, O116 and P129) during development were investigated using non-aqueous reversed phase liquid chromatography coupled to atmospheric pressure photoionization-mass spectrometry (LC-APPI-MS). 17 species of...
Changes in the rumen papillae during the periparturient transition in Holstein dairy cows are accompanied by changes in abundance of proteins involved in intracellular pH regulation, but not SCFA transportDownload
The objective of this study was to examine changes in SCFA transportcapacity in the rumen epithelium during the parturition transition period.Twelve pregnant, cannulated primiparous and multiparous cows were fed astandard Total Mixed Ration (TMR) for the duration of the dry period; aftercalving,...
Cardiomyocyte antihypertrophic effect of adipocyte tissue conditioned medium from rats and its abrogation by obesity is mediated by the leptin to adiponectin ratioDownload
White adipocytes are known to function as endocrine organs by secreting a plethora of bioactive adipokines which can regulate cardiac function including the development of hypertrophy. We determined whether adipose tissue conditioned medium (ATCM) generated from the epididymal regions of normal...
Campylobacter jejuni colonization is associated with a dysbiosis in the cecal microbiota of mice in the absence of prominent inflammationDownload
Background Campylobacter jejuni causes enterocolitis in humans, but does not incite disease in asymptomatic carrier animals. To survive in the intestine, C. jejuni must successfully compete with the microbiota and overcome the host immune defense. Campylobacter jejuni colonization success varies...
Butyrate-mediated genomic changes involved in the non-specific host defenses, matrix remodelling and the immune response in the rumen epithelium of cows afflicted with subacute ruminal acidosisDownload
Subacute Ruminal Acidosis (SARA) is a disorder in cattle which can lead to chronic inflammation in the rumen epithelium, known as rumenitis. Butyrate has been shown to attenuate some of the detrimental effects of inflammatory gastroenteral disorders but the molecular mechanisms mediated by...