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The current recommended vitamin D intake guideline for diet and supplements during pregnancy is not adequate to achieve vitamin D sufficiency for most pregnant womenDownload
Background The aims of this study were to determine if pregnant women consumed the recommended vitamin D through diet alone or through diet and supplements, and if they achieved the current reference range vitamin D status when their reported dietary intake met the current recommendations....
The prevalence and determinants of use of vitamin D supplements among children in Alberta, Canada: A cross-sectional studyDownload
Background Limited cutaneous synthesis due to low sun exposure and inadequate dietary intake makes vitamin D supplementation a necessity for many Canadian children. Identification of the factors associated with supplement use is necessary for public health awareness campaigns, but they have not...
Vitamin D Supplementation and Bone Health in Adults with Diabetic Nephropathy: Preliminary Findings from a Randomized Controlled TrialDownload
Vitamin D (vitD) is a nutrient of concern in Canada particularly for those with diabetes and chronic kidney disease (CKD). Participants (18-80y) with diabetes and CKD were randomized to receive either 50mcg/day (n=33) or 1,000mcg/month (n=30) vitD3 for 6-months. Variables studied included:...
The prevalence and determinants of adequate vitamin D intake and supplementation among Canadian childrenDownload
Most Canadian children are not meeting the dietary recommendations for vitamin D and have not enough sun exposure to synthesize vitamin D in their skin. Vitamin D supplementation therefore seems a necessity. However, no study has examined whether vitamin D from diet and supplements combined is...
Inconsistent results have been reported in studies investigating the relationship between serum vitamin D levels and respiratory outcomes. In this thesis, data from the Canadian Health Measures Survey were used to examine the relationship between serum 25-hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D] levels and...
Calcium and Vitamin D Intake During Pregnancy and Postpartum in the Alberta Pregnancy Outcomes and Nutrition (APrON) StudyDownload
Calcium and vitamin D are important in maintaining a healthy pregnancy. Low intake/status has been associated with preeclampsia, preterm delivery, lower birth weight, poor fetal skeletal growth, reduced bone mass, and excessive maternal bone loss. Rarely have these nutrients been examined...
Vitamin D insufficiency is highly prevalent in children (up to 40%), particularly in northern climates such as Alberta, due to reduced sunlight exposure and low intake. Although suboptimal vitamin D status and metabolic dysregulation are commonly observed in obesity, little is known about the...
Community pharmacists’ views and practices regarding natural health products sold in community pharmaciesDownload
Background Reports of regulatory and evidentiary gaps have raised concerns about the marketing and use of natural health products (NHPs). The majority of NHPs offered for sale are purchased at a community pharmacy and pharmacists are “front-line” health professionals involved in the marketing and...
Consumer acceptance of meat depends on its colour and there is a negative bias in North America for broiler dark meat. Freezing and cooking leads to changes in meat characteristics and colour of broiler chicken thighs. The first experiment focused on the effect of freezing and cooking on broiler...
The study aim was to compare the impact of corticosteroid-free and corticosteroid-containing immunosuppressive regimes on parameters of bone health and growth in children post-liver transplant (LTX). One-hundred fifteen charts were screened, thirty-nine charts meeting study inclusion were...