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Application of Next Generation Sequencing and Bioinformatic Approaches to the Study of Influenza Virus Strains and MiRNA Profiling in Liver DiseasesDownload
Analysis and interpretation of next generation sequencing data has posed a significant challenge to researchers, especially to those who are not equipped with expertise in bioinformatics. In this thesis, I investigated three different biomedical questions using NGS and bioinformatic approaches,...
Transcriptomic and epigenetic profiling of the lung of influenza-infected pigs: A comparison of different birth weight and Susceptibility groupsDownload
Influenza viruses are a common cause of respiratory disease in swine. Infections range in severity from asymptomatic to causing significant morbidity. The main objective of this study was to compare lung transcriptomic and epigenetic responses to influenza infection in pigs from high or low birth...
Characterizing the effects of differentially adapted influenza PB2 proteins on duck MAVS-mediated interferon beta signalingDownload
The influenza A viral RNA polymerase is responsible for viral replication and greatly affects influenza A virus (IAV) virulence and host range. The PB2 influenza polymerase subunit is the primary polymerase determinant of influenza host range and virulence. It was previously shown that PB2...
Mast cells are immune cells important in innate immunity. Besides their role in asthma and allergies, mast cells are critical effector cells against various pathogens. Mast cells are established to be protective against bacterial infections, but little is known about their functions in viral...
We have shown previously that CrhC is a unique member of the DEAD-box family of RNA helicases whose expression occurs specifically under conditions of cold stress. Here we show that recombinant His-tagged CrhC, purified from Escherichia coli, is an ATP-independent RNA binding protein possessing...
A large deletion virus reveals the presence of previously uncharacterized vaccinia virus inhibitors of NF-kB signalingDownload
The classical Nuclear Factor kappa B (NF-κB) signaling pathway is an important regulator of inflammation and innate immune responses. Poxviruses, including vaccinia virus, encode multiple immune evasion proteins, including a growing number of NF-κB inhibitors. To determine if additional vaccinia...
These two studies investigate the immune responses of lung and kidney transplant recipients to the influenza vaccine. The study involving kidney transplant recipients developed a novel flow cytometry assay to measure cell-mediated immunity in response to influenza vaccination. The activation of...
Diabetes and Influenza-Attributable Illness: The Rationale for Targeted Influenza Vaccinations in Adults with DiabetesDownload
While guidelines for seasonal influenza vaccinations single out working age (< 65) adults with diabetes, vaccination rates in this group remain below national targets. Historically, there has been limited evidence to support these guidelines. This dissertation comprises four studies investigating...
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a ubiquitous respiratory pathogen that infects almost everyone by the age of two. In high-risk populations, such as infants and elderly individuals, RSV can infect the lower respiratory tract and cause severe symptoms, such as bronchiolitis or pneumonia. As a...
Immunogenicity of intramuscular influenza vaccine is suboptimal in organ transplant recipients although intradermal vaccine may be superior by targeting dermal dendritic cells to stimulate a response. 229 patients were randomized to IM or high-dose ID vaccine during the 2010-11 season. Pre- and...