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Acting as a co-factor for hundreds of enzymes, zinc (Zn) is an essential trace metal required for organismal success across all phyla. When aquatic organisms such as fish are Zn deficient, growth, metabolism, and health are all negatively impacted. However, Zn in excess may also impair overall...
Zika, J. , Inall, M., Pillar, H., Zhao, J., Li, F., Lozier, M., Bower, A., Houpert, L., Yang, J., Bacon, S., Greenan, B., Holliday, N., Thierry, V., Marshall, D., Heimbach, P., Weller, R., Pickart, R., Lin, X., Cunningham, S., Karstensen, J., Wilson, C., Johnson, H., deYoung, B., Gary, S., Williams, R., Straneo, F., Mackay, N., Johns, W., Fischer, J., Mercier, H., de Jong, M., de Steur, L., Myers, P.
For decades oceanographers have understood the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) to be primarily driven by changes in the production of deep-water formation in the subpolar and subarctic North Atlantic. Indeed, current Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) projections...
Arsenic is a proven human carcinogen and associated with a myriad of other adverse health effects. This metalloid is methylated in human liver to monomethylarsonic acid (MMAV), monomethylarsonous acid (MMAIII), dimethylarsinic acid (DMAV), and dimethylarsinous acid (DMAIII) and eliminated...
Synthetic polymers are still widely used in today’s life despite all environmental issues attributed to them. Replacing synthetic polymers with natural biodegradable polymers has been considered as a way of reducing these environmental impacts partially, if not completely. Hydroxyporpyl xylan...
Respiration, Acid/Base, Ammonia and Ionoregulatory Strategies in the Pacific hagfish (Eptatretus stoutii)Download
Hagfish feed on putrefied carrion, which poses several environmental challenges to the scavenger including hypoxia (Low PO2), hypercapnia (high PCO2) and high environmental ammonia (HEA). To any other organism, these conditions would be physiologically challenging; however, hagfish seem to have...
Separating the influence of projected changes in air temperature and wind on patterns of sea level change and ocean heat contentDownload
We present ocean model sensitivity experiments aimed at separating the influence of the projected changes in the “thermal” (near-surface air temperature) and “wind” (near-surface winds) forcing on the patterns of sea level and ocean heat content. In the North Atlantic, the distribution of sea...
An experimental set up based on a diffusion bridge is developed to accurately determine the in-plane and through-plane permeability, Knudsen diffusivity and effective molecular diffusivity of gas diffusion layers used in PEFC. The parameters are estimated under various compression levels in...
Emerging devices, such as those based on carbon (in the form of graphene or nanotubes) or III-V compound semiconductors, are constructed on an atomic scale, where the transport is governed by the Schrödinger equation of quantum mechanics or the Boltzmann transport equation (BTE) of semi-classical...
Role of adventitious roots in water relations of tamarack (Larix laricina) seedlings exposed to floodingDownload
Background: Flooding reduces supply of oxygen to the roots affecting plant water uptake. Some flooding-tolerant tree species including tamarack (Larix laricina (Du Roi) K. Koch) produce adventitious roots in response to flooding. These roots were reported to have higher hydraulic conductivity...
Conductive Atomic Force Microscopy Study of Electron Transport Through Diazonium Derived Films and Mixed – Mode Bonded Layers on Gold and Carbon SurfacesDownload
For Molecular Electronics to become a viable replacement or complitment to current elec- tronic devices a fundamental understanding of device operation and functionality is needed. This work explores electron transport through diazonium derived molecular junctions via conductive atomic force...