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- 1Biomedical research
- 1Cardiopulmonary Bypass
- 10Medicine and Dentistry, Faculty of
- 9Medicine and Dentistry, Faculty of/Alberta Research Centre for Health Evidence (ARCHE)
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Background: Bronchodilators are commonly used for acute bronchiolitis, despite uncertain effectiveness. Objectives: To examine the efficacy and safety of epinephrine in children less than two with acute viral bronchiolitis. Search methods: We searched CENTRAL (2010, Issue 3) which contains the...
Background The delivery of optimal medical care to children is dependent on the availability of child relevant research. Our objectives were to: i) systematically review and describe how children are handled in reviews of drug interventions published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews...
Background: Nutritional support in the critically ill child has not been well investigated and is a controversial topic within paediatric intensive care. There are no clear guidelines as to the best form or timing of nutrition in critically ill infants and children. Objectives: To assess the...
During cardiopulmonary-bypass matrix-metalloproteinases released may contribute to ventricular dysfunction. This study was to determine plasma matrix-metalloproteinases in neonates after cardiopulmonary-bypass and their relation to post-operative course. A prospective observational study included...
A descriptive analysis of a representative sample of pediatric randomized controlled trials published in 2007Download
BACKGROUND: Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are the gold standard for trials assessing the effects of therapeutic interventions; therefore it is important to understand how they are conducted. Our objectives were to provide an overview of a representative sample of pediatric RCTs published in...
Introduction: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) in children has become an increasingly common modality of breathing support where pressure support is delivered through a mask interface or less commonly through other non-invasive interfaces. At this time, NIV is considered a first-line option for...
Background Our goal was to quantify the evidence that is available to the physicians of a pediatric emergency department (PED) in making treatment decisions. Further, we wished to ascertain what percentage of evidence for treatment provided in the PED comes from pediatric studies. Methods We...
Diagnosing Clinically Significant Dehydration in Children with Acute Gastroenteritis Using Noninvasive Methods: A Meta-AnalysisDownload
OBJECTIVE: To determine the most accurate, noninvasive method of assessing dehydration. STUDY DESIGN: The following data sources were searched: electronic databases, gray literature, scientific meetings, reference lists, and authors of unpublished studies. Eligible studies were comparative...
A descriptive analysis of child-relevant systematic reviews in the Cochrane Database of Systematic ReviewsDownload
Background: Systematic reviews (SRs) are considered an important tool for decision-making. There has been no recent comprehensive identification or description of child-relevant SRs. A description of existing child-relevant SRs would help to identify the extent of available child-relevant...
Do health care institutions value research? A mixed methods study of barriers and facilitators to methodological rigor in pediatric randomized trials.Download
Background Pediatric randomized controlled trials (RCTs) are susceptible to a high risk of bias. We examined the barriers and facilitators that pediatric trialists face in the design and conduct of unbiased trials. Methods We used a mixed methods design, with semi-structured interviews building...