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- 3Finlay, B. Brett
- 3Gänzle, Michael G.
- 3Willing, Benjamin P.
- 2Antunes, L. Caetano M.
- 2Dieleman, Levinus A.
- 2Gill, Navkiran
- 10Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Department of
- 10Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, Department of/Journal Articles (Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science)
- 4Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of
- 4Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of/Theses and Dissertations
- 2Agricultural, Life, and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of
- 2Agricultural, Life, and Environmental Sciences, Faculty of/Journal Articles (Agricultural, Life, & Environmental Sciences)
The role of intestinal microbiota in development of irinotecan toxicity and in toxicity reduction through dietary fibres in ratsDownload
CPT-11 is a drug used as chemotherapy for colorectal cancer. CPT-11 causes toxic side-effects in patients. CPT-11 toxicity has been attributed to the activity of intestinal microbiota, however, intestinal microbiota may also have protective effects in CP!-11 chemotherapy. This study aimed to...
The intestinal microbiota plays a role in Salmonella-induced colitis independent of pathogen colonizationDownload
The intestinal microbiota is composed of hundreds of species of bacteria, fungi and protozoa and is critical for numerous biological processes, such as nutrient acquisition, vitamin production, and colonization resistance against bacterial pathogens. We studied the role of the intestinal...
Ileocolic resection is frequently performed for Crohn's disease; however, disease commonly recurs early in the neo-terminal ileum. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the microbial and immunologic factors inherent to ileocecal resection as they pertain to post-operative recurrence of...
Ruminants have the capacity to utilize fibrous plant materials as substrates to provide energy for maintenance and growth. However, digestion of poor quality forage is incomplete in ruminants and varies among individual animals. Consequently, two studies were conducted in an attempt to elucidate...
Adequate adaptation of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is important during pregnancy to ensure that the increased metabolic demands by the developing fetus are met. These include changes in surface area mediated by villus hypertrophy and enhanced functional capacity of individual nutrient...
The intestinal microbiota has been found to play a central role in the colonization of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium in the gastrointestinal tract. In this study, we present a novel process through which Salmonella benefit from inflammatory induced changes in the microbiota in order to...
Neonates with intestinal failure (IF), who must rely on parenteral nutrition (PN) for growth and maintenance of health, are at risk for intestinal failure-associated liver disease (IFALD). In neonates, short bowel syndrome (SBS) as a result of intestinal resection is the most common cause of IF....
Lactobacillus reuteri maintains a functional mucosal barrier during DSS treatment despite mucus layer dysfunctionDownload
Treatment with the probiotic bacterium Lactobacillus reuteri has been shown to prevent dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in rats. This is partly due to reduced P-selectin-dependent leukocyte- and platelet-endothelial cell interactions, however, the mechanism behind this protective...
Intestinal microbiota mediate toxicity of irinotecan (CPT-11) cancer therapies and cause systemic infection after CPT-11-induced loss of barrier function. The intestinal microbiota and their functions are thus potential targets for treatment to mitigate CPT-11 toxicity. However, microbiota...
Investigating early life microbial and host transcriptomic dynamics in the bovine gastrointestinal tractDownload
There is increasing concern surrounding the ability of livestock industries to meet the needs of the rising global population. The gastrointestinal microbiota of ruminants plays a critical role in feed degradation, host energy supply, but is also a substantial source of anthropogenic greenhouse...