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- 5Chan, Catherine B.
- 5Wheeler, Michael B.
- 4Koshkin, Vasilij
- 2Gänzle, Michael G.
- 1Arumugam, Yoga
- 1Asghar, Zeenat
Transport and reaction processes in bioremediation of organic contaminants. 1. Review of bacterial degradation and transportDownload
Bioremediation of contaminants in soil and water involves a complex interplay between transport processes and biological reactions. Equilibrium physical factors such as aqueous solubility, soil adsorption, and phase partitioning indicate the transport processes that can limit bioremediation,...
The characterization of mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) in clonal pancreatic beta cells: Multiple modes and regulationDownload
Mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), which contributes substantially to the regulation of normal mitochondrial metabolism, also plays a crucial role in the initiation of cell death. It is known that MPT is regulated in a tissue-specific manner. The importance of MPT in the pancreatic...
Rumen microbial community composition varies with diet and host, but a core microbiome is found across a wide geographical rangeDownload
Ruminant livestock are important sources of human food and global greenhouse gas emissions. Feed degradation and methane formation by ruminants rely on metabolic interactions between rumen microbes and affect ruminant productivity. Rumen and camelid foregut microbial community composition was...
Excessive free fatty acid (FFA) exposure represents a potentially important diabetogenic condition that can impair insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. Because mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation is a main link between glucose metabolism and insulin secretion, in the present work we...
Oligosaccharides, compounds that are composed of 2–10 monosaccharide residues, are major carbohydrate sources in habitats populated by lactobacilli. Moreover, oligosaccharide metabolism is essential for ecological fitness of lactobacilli. Disaccharide metabolism by lactobacilli is well...
Limited mitochondrial permeabilization is an early manifestation of palmitate-induced lipotoxicity in pancreatic ß-cellsDownload
Involvement of the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore in early stages of lipotoxic stress in the pancreatic β-cell lines MIN6 and INS-1 was the focus of this study. Both long term (indirect) and acute (direct) effects of fatty acid (FA) application on β-cell susceptibility to...
Giant vesicles were used to study the rates of uptake of long-chain fatty acids by heart, skeletal muscle, and adipose tissue of obese and lean Zucker rats. With obesity there was an increase in vesicular fatty acid uptake of 1.8-fold in heart, muscle and adipose tissue. In some tissues only...
Impaired de novo choline synthesis explains why phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase-deficient mice are protected from diet-induced obesityDownload
Kuo, Ming-Shang, Dyck, Jason R. B., Sletten, Torunn, Proctor, Spencer D., Jacobs, René L., Lingrell, Susanne, Cao, Guoqing, Peake, David A., Kennedy, Brian P., Zhao, Yang, Vance, Dennis E., Koonen, Debby P. Y., Su, Brian
Phosphatidylcholine (PC) is synthesized from choline via the CDP-choline pathway. Liver cells can also synthesize PC via the sequential methylation of phosphatidylethanolamine, catalyzed by phosphatidylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PEMT). The current study investigates whether or not hepatic...
The insulin receptor (IR) and its signaling appear to be essential for insulin secretion from pancreatic β-cells. However, much less is known about the role of the IR in α-cells. To assess the role of the IR in glucagon and insulin secretion, we engineered adeno-viruses for high efficiency small...
Chronic exposure to elevated free fatty acids (lipotoxicity) induces uncoupling protein (UCP2) in the pancreatic β-cell, and therefore a causal link between UCP2 and β-cell defects associated with obesity may exist. Recently, we showed that lipid treatment in vivo and in vitro in UCP2(–/–)...