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Infectious respiratory diseases, caused by viruses and bacteria that attack the respiratory system, constitute a serious threat in public health around the world. Pathogens can be transmitted in the air though large droplets or aerosols. As aerosols can linger in the environment for a prolonged...
Application of Next Generation Sequencing and Bioinformatic Approaches to the Study of Influenza Virus Strains and MiRNA Profiling in Liver DiseasesDownload
Analysis and interpretation of next generation sequencing data has posed a significant challenge to researchers, especially to those who are not equipped with expertise in bioinformatics. In this thesis, I investigated three different biomedical questions using NGS and bioinformatic approaches,...
Development of Oral Influenza Vaccine Delivery System Utilizing pH Responsive Pored MicroparticlesDownload
Influenza is a major respiratory disease caused by influenza virus. Recent spread of the extremely pathogenic avian and swine influenza viruses paint a morbid picture of the emergence of a more lethal influenza virus in future. Currently, hypodermic needles are being dominantly employed in...
Characterizing the effects of differentially adapted influenza PB2 proteins on duck MAVS-mediated interferon beta signalingDownload
The influenza A viral RNA polymerase is responsible for viral replication and greatly affects influenza A virus (IAV) virulence and host range. The PB2 influenza polymerase subunit is the primary polymerase determinant of influenza host range and virulence. It was previously shown that PB2...
Immunogenicity of intramuscular influenza vaccine is suboptimal in organ transplant recipients although intradermal vaccine may be superior by targeting dermal dendritic cells to stimulate a response. 229 patients were randomized to IM or high-dose ID vaccine during the 2010-11 season. Pre- and...
Diabetes and Influenza-Attributable Illness: The Rationale for Targeted Influenza Vaccinations in Adults with DiabetesDownload
While guidelines for seasonal influenza vaccinations single out working age (< 65) adults with diabetes, vaccination rates in this group remain below national targets. Historically, there has been limited evidence to support these guidelines. This dissertation comprises four studies investigating...
These two studies investigate the immune responses of lung and kidney transplant recipients to the influenza vaccine. The study involving kidney transplant recipients developed a novel flow cytometry assay to measure cell-mediated immunity in response to influenza vaccination. The activation of...
Mast cells are immune cells important in innate immunity. Besides their role in asthma and allergies, mast cells are critical effector cells against various pathogens. Mast cells are established to be protective against bacterial infections, but little is known about their functions in viral...