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- 4Physical activity
- 2Blood pressure
- 2Theory of Planned Behaviour
- 1Benson, Curtis A
- 1Clifford, Alexander M
- 1Crawford, Jennifer J
- 1Germin, Jessie
- 1Hitschfeld, Marjorie
- 1Howard, Jason
The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has been dramatically increasing globally. Exercise is recommended as a first line treatment, along with diet and medications. The mechanisms by which exercise improves glycemic control are not fully understood but are typically attributed to changes in...
The Reliability and In-exercise Reduction of Frontal and Rotational Ultrasound Measurements for Adolescents with Idiopathic Scoliosis Performing Scoliosis-specific ExercisesDownload
Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) is a spine deformity of unknown cause characterized by abnormal lateral curvature (Cobb angle>10°) with vertebral rotation. AIS affects 2-3% of all adolescents whom are likely to progress during their growth spurt preceding skeletal maturity. The Scoliosis...
Measurement and Correction for the Magnetic Susceptibility Effects of Fat in Venous Oximetry: Application in the Quantification of Muscle Oxygen Consumption (VO2) with Plantar Flexion ExerciseDownload
Measuring venous oxygen saturation (SvO2) provides direct assessment of the upstream muscle or organ's ability to extract and metabolize oxygen. Previously, measurement of venous oxygen saturation has been performed in most studies by intravenous catheterization. This approach has the advantage...
Are Sex and Estrogen Modulators of Sympathetic Vascular Control in Resting and Contracting Skeletal Muscle?Download
The purpose of this thesis was to investigate whether sex and estrogen modulate sympathetic neurovascular control in resting and contracting skeletal muscle. This thesis also investigated the hypothesis that the effects of sex and estrogen on neurovascular control would be mediated by the signal...
Introduction: Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by intermittent episodes of acute airway inflammation and bronchoconstriction. Although asthma is generally considered a disease of the airways, asthma is also associated with an increased risk of developing cardiovascular (CV)...
The purpose of this dissertation was to characterize the response of the pulmonary vasculature to exercise in health (including a pharmacological intervention) and in individuals with mild chronic obstructive lung disease. The first project studied the effect of a dopamine receptor blockade on...
EASE-BE-FIT: Elder-Friendly Approaches to the Surgical Environment Bedside Reconditioning for Functional Improvements An Innovative Reconditioning Program for Elderly Emergency Abdominal Surgery PatientsDownload
Introduction: Elderly individuals who are hospitalized due to emergency abdominal surgery spend on average over 80% of their recovery time in bed, resulting in early and rapid muscle loss. As these elderly individuals have a lower physiological reserve, the impact of muscle wasting on function...
An Examination of Sex Specific Differences in Glucose Responses Using the Exercise – Physical Activity and Diabetes Glucose Monitoring (E-PAraDiGM) ProtocolDownload
Background/Objective. Continuous glucose monitors (CGM) allow researchers to examine various aspects of circulating glucose profiles in response to exercise. Exercise studies using CGM in individuals with type 2 diabetes (T2D) vary in regards to the type and timing of exercise, making it...
Immediate and Long-term Effects of Exercise Rehabilitation on Daily Physical Activity of Patients with Cardiopulmonary DisordersDownload
It is well known that there is an inverse relationship between physical activity (PA) and mortality in patients with cardiopulmonary disorders. Consequently, PA is considered the core component of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation programs. Despite the health benefits, the adherence to regular PA...
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic autoimmune disease of the central nervous system characterized by neurodegeneration, inflammation and demyelination. Symptoms of multiple sclerosis not only include motor deficits, but also secondary symptoms of pain, depression and anxiety. The purpose of...