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- 31Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of
- 31Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of/Theses and Dissertations
- 2Helmholtz-Alberta Initiative
- 2Helmholtz-Alberta Initiative/Journal Articles & Research Abstracts (Helmholtz-Alberta Initiative)
- 2Biological Sciences, Department of
- 2Biological Sciences, Department of/Journal Articles (Biological Sciences)
Regulation of Pancreatic β-cell Life and Death in the Context of Type 2 Diabetes: Study of the Potential Implication of the Orphan Nuclear Receptor NR4A3/Nor1 and the NZF Transcription Factor ST18.Download
Background: The insulin-secreting pancreatic beta-cell plays a central role in the maintenance of glucose homeostasis and in the pathogenesis of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus. In both cases, production of pro-inflammatory cytokines causes beta-cell apoptosis, which results in the...
Apoptosis serves as a powerful defense against damaged and unwanted cells. The family of Bcl-2 proteins plays a key role in the regulation of apoptosis at the mitochondria. Members of the Bcl-2 family include pro- and anti-apoptotic members that collectively determine the state of the cell....
Differences in whole blood gene expression associated with infection time-course and extent of fetal mortality in a reproductive model of type 2 porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) infectionDownload
Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome Virus (PRRSV) infection of pregnant females causes fetal death and increased piglet mortality, but there is substantial variation in the extent of reproductive pathology between individual dams. This study used RNA-sequencing to characterize the whole...
Targeting Phosphatidylserine for Positron Emission Tomography Imaging of Cell Death: Annexin V versus Phosphatidylserine-Binding PeptidesDownload
There is currently no clinically approved, widely used molecular imaging agent for in vivo detection of cell death. Such an agent would be highly useful for early assessment of treatment efficacy in cancer patients, as well as for monitoring many other diseases in which cell death plays an...
Contributions of Bim and Nur77 to multiple mechanisms of T cell tolerance following high affinity antigen encounterDownload
Prevention of autoimmune disease requires the elimination or inactivation of T cells that are highly reactive to self-peptides. During T cell development in the thymus, self-reactive thymocytes undergo negative selection upon receiving a high affinity T cell receptor (TCR) signal following...
Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Induction of Apoptosis in Hepatocellular Carcinoma and Cholangiocarcinoma Cell Lines by ThymoquinoneDownload
Thymoquinone, the plant-based bioactive constituent derived from the volatile oil of Nigella sativa, has been shown to possess considerable anti-neoplastic activity. The present study aimed to investigate the anti-tumour property of TQ against hepatocellular carcinoma (HepG2) and...
During infection, the host cell environment must be altered to accommodate viral replication. These alterations include hijacking cellular membranes as well as other components to form viral replication compartments and attenuating the host defenses to prevent virus detection and elimination....
Docosahexaenoic acid (22:6n3, DHA) is an n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) that is known to induce context-dependent cell survival, as well as apoptosis, but the exact cellular and molecular mechanism(s) remain unknown. DHA is known to act as a natural ligand for the peroxisome...
The Role of Forkhead Box Transcription Factors in Zebrafish Ocular Development and the Superior Ocular FissureDownload
Ocular development is a tightly orchestrated process that is dependent upon precise environmental and genetic factors. Disruption of this can result in microphthalmia, anophthalmia and coloboma (MAC), which is a spectrum of congenital ocular disease with lifelong consequences affecting sight. In...
The introduction of WNV into North America in 1999 was followed by rapid spread throughout the continent. Today, WNV is an endemic pathogen in the west, with thousands of cases of severe infection reported annually. In addition to traditional vaccine research, there is an urgent need to...