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- 9Chen, Guanqun
- 9Xu, Yang
- 5Caldo, Kristian Mark P.
- 5Ozga, Jocelyn
- 5Weselake, Randall J.
- 4Holic, Roman
- 3Saccharomyces cerevisiae
- 3Triacylglycerol biosynthesis
- 2Brassica napus
- 2Linum usitatissimum
Long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase (LACS, EC 184.108.40.206) catalyzes the ATP-dependent activation of free fatty acid to form acyl-CoA, which in turn serves as the major acyl donor for various lipid metabolic pathways. Increasing the size of acyl-CoA pool by enhancing LACS activity appears to be a useful...
Characterization of Type-2 Diacylglycerol Acyltransferases in the Green Microalga Chromochloris zofingiensisDownload
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT) catalyzes the last and committed step of the acyl-CoA-dependent TAG biosynthesis and thus is a key target for manipulating oil production in microalgae. The microalga Chromochloris zofingiensis can accumulate substantial amounts of triacylglycerol (TAG) and...
Substrate preferences of long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase contribute to enrichment of flax seed oil with a-linolenic acidDownload
Seed oil from flax (Linum usitatissimum) is enriched in a-linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3?9cis,12cis,15cis), but the biochemical processes underlying the enrichment of flax seed oil with this polyunsaturated fatty acid are not fully elucidated. Here, a potential process involving the catalytic actions...
Identification of genes associated with ricinoleic acid accumulation in Hiptage benghalensis via transcriptome analysisDownload
Background: Ricinoleic acid is a high-value hydroxy fatty acid with broad industrial applications.Hiptage benghalensis seed oil contains a high amount of ricinoleic acid (~80%) and represents an emerging source of this unusual fatty acid. However, the mechanism of ricinoleic acid accumulation in...
Punicic acid (PuA; 18: 3Δ 9cis,11trans,13cis ) is an unusual 18-carbon fatty acid bearing three conjugated double bonds. It has been shown to exhibit a myriad of beneficial bioactivities including anti-cancer, anti-diabetes, anti-obesity, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory properties. Pomegranate...
Substrate preferences of long-chain acyl-CoA synthetase and diacylglycerol acyltransferase contribute to enrichment of flax seed oil with α -linolenic acidDownload
Seed oil from flax ( Linum usitatissimum ) is enriched in α -linolenic acid (ALA; 18:3 Δ 9 cis ,12 cis ,15 cis) but the biochemical processes underlying the enrichment of flax seed oil with this polyunsaturated fatty acid are not fully elucidated. Here, a potential process involving the catalytic...
Properties and Biotechnological Applications of Acyl‐CoA:diacylglycerol Acyltransferase and Phospholipid:diacylglycerol Acyltransferase from Terrestrial Plants and MicroalgaeDownload
Triacylglycerol (TAG) is the major storage lipid in most terrestrial plants and microalgae, and has great nutritional and industrial value. Since the demand for vegetable oil is consistently increasing, numerous studies have been focused on improving the TAG content and modifying the fatty‐acid...
Multiple mechanisms contribute to increased neutral lipid accumulation in yeast producing recombinant variants of plant diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1Download
The apparent bottleneck in the accumulation of oil during seed development in some oleaginous plant species is the formation of triacylglycerol (TAG) by the acyl-CoA-dependent acylation of sn-1,2- diacylglycerol catalyzed by diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT, EC 220.127.116.11). Improving DGAT...
High-performance variants of plant diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 generated by directed evolution provide insights into structure functionDownload
Diacylglycerol acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) catalyzes the acyl-CoA-dependent biosynthesis of triacylglycerol, the predominant component of seed oil. In some oil crops, including Brassica napus, the level of DGAT1 activity can have a substantial effect on triacylglycerol production....