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- 4Dynamic fragmentation
- 4Ejecta measurements
- 4Particle tracking velocimetry
- 3Planetary materials
- 2Brittle fracture
- 2Brittle materials
Impact Failure of Planetary Materials: Lateral Field Ejecta Measurements using Particle Image VelocimetryDownload
The dynamic fragmentation of a fine grained granitoid material has been examined. Target thicknesses ranged from 7 to 40 mm and impact energies from 12 to 2,500 J. Combined particle image velocimetry and image enhancement techniques are introduced and have been used to measure the size and...
Dynamic Fragmentation of Planetary Materials: Sup-Hypervelocity Ejecta Measurements and Velocity Scaling during Impact TestingDownload
Ejecta velocity measurements were made during impacts into solid planetary materials. Ejecta velocity fields overlie each other when normalized by vmax, v50%mass, and v50%KE; these correspond to the maximum velocity and median values of mass and kinetic energy among ejecta velocities....
Velocity and size measurements of ejecta derived from impacts of railgun-launched projectiles into 10 mm thick gabbro tiles are examined. Fragmentation of the target and the ejecta velocity field are found to be governed by Hertzian fracture and the transfer of kinetic energy to the target. Over...
Debris Field Kinetics during the Dynamic Fragmentation of Polyphase Natural Ceramic Blocks: Ejecta Measurements and Damage ModesDownload
The dynamic fragmentation of coarse and fine grained granitoid blocks during impact has been examined for energies of 1.9 kJ to 3.0 kJ and 2.7 kJ to 6.8 kJ, respectively. A particle tracking algorithm was developed to measure ejecta size and velocity at the rear of the target for a horizontal...
The dynamic fracture of natural polyphase ceramic (granite) blocks by high-speed impact at 207 m/s, 420 m/s and 537 m/s has been investigated. An electromagnetic railgun was used as the launch system. Results reveal that the number of fragments increases substantially, and the dominant length...