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Recent increases in Arctic freshwater flux affects Labrador Sea convection and Atlantic overturning circulationDownload
The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) is an important component of ocean thermohaline circulation. Melting of Greenland’s ice sheet is freshening the North Atlantic; however, whether the augmented freshwater flux is disrupting the AMOC is unclear. Dense Labrador Sea Water (LSW),...
The transport of freshwater is analyzed in an eddy-permitting regional model of the sub-polar North Atlantic, focusing on the export of freshwater (in liquid form) through Davis Strait. The results show that in the model simulations there is a limited exchange of freshwater between the Labrador...
Decline and partial rebound of the Labrador Current 1993-2004: Monitoring ocean currents from altimetric and conductivity-temperature-depth dataDownload
Monitoring and understanding of Labrador Current variability is important because it is intimately linked to the meridional overturning circulation and the marine ecosystem off northeast North America. Nevertheless, knowledge of its decadal variability is inadequate because of scarcity of current...
Chassignet, Eric, Lee, Craig M., Bamber, Jonathan L., Curry, Beth, Dukhovskoy, Dmitry S., Timmermans, Mary-Louise, Platov, Gennady, Myers, Paul G., Proshutinsky, Andrey, Hu, Xianmin, Somavilla, Raquel
Accelerating since the early 1990s, the Greenland Ice Sheet mass loss exerts a significant impact on thermohaline processes in the sub-Arctic seas. Surplus freshwater discharge from Greenland since the 1990s, comparable in volume to the amount of freshwater present during the Great Salinity...
A number of recent studies have shown enhanced retreat of tidewater glaciers over much of southern and western Greenland. One of the fastest retreats has occurred at Jakobshavn Isbrae, with the rapid retreat linked to the arrival of relatively warm and saline Irminger water along the west coast...
Separating the influence of projected changes in air temperature and wind on patterns of sea level change and ocean heat contentDownload
We present ocean model sensitivity experiments aimed at separating the influence of the projected changes in the “thermal” (near-surface air temperature) and “wind” (near-surface winds) forcing on the patterns of sea level and ocean heat content. In the North Atlantic, the distribution of sea...
The role of the thermohaline circulation in controlling export production, oxygenation of deep waters, and hence possible sapropel formation in the eastern Mediterranean is examined using a simple nutrient-cycling model. The model is driven by velocity fields from a general circulation model and...
Deep convection in the Labrador Sea is an important component of the global ocean ventilation. The associated loss of heat to the atmosphere from the interior of the sea is thought to be mostly supplied by mesoscale eddies, generated either remotely or as a result of convection itself—processes...
A series of experiments with an ocean general circulation model of the Mediterranean forced by artificial (but realistic) surface fluxes of heat and freshwater are performed. The model has a stable thermohaline circulation under the baseline fluxes. Small decreases in excess evaporation (8%)...
Objectively analyzed surface hydrographic fields and NCEP–NCAR reanalysis fluxes are used to estimate water mass transformation and formation rates in the Labrador Sea, focusing on Labrador Sea Water (LSW). The authors estimate a mean long-term transformation of between 2.1 ± 0.2 and 3.9 ± 0.3 Sv...