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- 39Field, Catherine J.
- 6Proctor, Spencer D.
- 6Ruth, Megan R.
- 5Goruk, Susan
- 4Azad, Meghan B.
- 4Bell, Rhonda C.
Vaccenic acid (VA) is a ruminant-derived trans-fat and precursor of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA). The objective of the present study was to explore the effects of VA on immune function in a model of the metabolic syndrome, JCR:LA-cp rats. Lean (2:1 mix of +/cp and +/+) and obese (cp/cp) rats,...
n-3 fatty acids inhibit transcription of human IL-13: Implications for development of T helper type 2 immune responsesDownload
Fish oil supplementation during pregnancy has been associated with lower levels of cord blood IL-13, suggesting that the administration of n-3 fatty acids may attenuate the development of allergic disease. The present study aimed to investigate the mechanism by which n-3 fatty acid administration...
Effect of providing a formula supplemented with long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids on immunity in full term neonatesDownload
To determine the effect of feeding formula containing long-chain PUFA (LCP) on immune function, healthy term infants were randomised at age 2 weeks to either a standard term formula (Formula; n 14) or the same formula supplemented with the LCP 20 : 4n-6 and 22 : 6n-3 (Formula+LCP; n 16)....
Glutamine supplementation improves intestinal barrier function in a weaned piglet model of Escherichia coli infectionDownload
The weaning period is associated with an increased prevalence of gastrointestinal infection in many species. Glutamine (Gln) has been shown to improve intestinal barrier function and immune function in both in vivo and in vitro models. The objective of the present study was to determine the...
Diabetes-prone BioBreeding rats do not have a normal immune response when weaned to a diet containing fermentable fibreDownload
Diet is known to modulate the development of diabetes in diabetes-prone BioBreeding (BBdp) rats. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of fermentable fibre (FF) on immune function in BBdp and diabetes-resistant BioBreeding (BBdr) rats after weaning. Weanling BBdp...
Kinniburgh, David, Bello, Aminu K., Walsh, Michael, Wiebe, Natasha, Manns, Braden J., Field, Catherine J., Thompson, Stephanie, Faruque, Labib, Hemmalgarn, Brenda R., Klarenbach, Scott W., Tonelli, Marcello
Background People with kidney failure are often deficient in zinc and selenium, but little is known about the optimal way to correct such deficiency. Methods We did a double-blind randomized trial evaluating the effects of zinc (Zn), selenium (Se) and vitamin E added to the standard oral renal...
Background Hemodialysis patients are at risk for deficiency of essential trace elements and excess of toxic trace elements, both of which can affect health. We conducted a systematic review to summarize existing literature on trace element status in hemodialysis patients. Methods All studies...
Estimation of choline intake from 24 h dietary intake recalls and contribution of egg and milk consumption to intake among pregnant and lactating women in AlbertaDownload
Despite recommendations for higher choline intakes during pregnancy and lactation, there is limited research regarding maternal intake during these important periods. In the present study, we estimated dietary choline intake during pregnancy and lactation in a population of Albertan women and the...
Assessment of the mechanisms exerting glucose-lowering effects of dried peas in glucose-intolerant ratsDownload
The present study compared the effects of feeding uncooked pea fractions (embryo v. seed coat) on glucose homeostasis in glucose-intolerant rats and examined potential mechanisms influencing glucose homeostasis. Rats were made glucose intolerant by high-fat feeding, after which diets containing...
Effects of aerobic training on the host systemic milieu in patients with solid tumors: An exploratory correlative studyDownload
Stevens, Robert D., Courneya, Kerry S., Inman, Brant A., Muehlbauer, Michael, Nelson, Erik R., Jasper, Jeff, Field, Catherine J., Jones, Lee W., Glass, Oliver K., Bain, James R., Broadwater, Gloria, Goruk, Susan, Hirschey, Matthew D., Mackey, John R.
background: Few studies have investigated the effects of exercise on modulation of host factors in cancer patients. We investigated the efficacy of chronic aerobic training on multiple host-related effector pathways in patients with solid tumours. patients and methods: Paired peripheral blood...