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Blasting in or near water can negatively affect fish. In Canada, there are maximum allowable limits for blasting-induced overpressure (100 kPa) and peak particle velocity (PPV; 13 mm/s) to protect fish and their incubating eggs, respectively. No studies, however, have related PPVs from blasting...
Industrial development, including geophysical exploration and mining, has increased use of explosives in and near fish habitat. To protect fish and their incubating eggs, Canadian blasting guidelines contain maximum allowable limits for overpressure and peak particle velocity (PPV). Although many...