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Standard Operating Procedures for Analysis of Naphthenic Acids from Oil Sands Process-Affected WaterDownload
Naphthenic acids (NAs) are considered the main source of chronic and acute toxicity in oil sands process-affected water (OSPW). The purpose of this investigation is to establish elements of a standard procedure to determine and minimize the amount of NA loss during storage, sample preparation...
Surface mining of Alberta bitumen is probably the biggest mining operation in the world. It has a significant environmental footprint with about 840 km2 total active footprint in 2012 and 895 km2 in 2013 (Fig 1) (AESRD 2014). Of this area, tailings ponds covered 239.3 km2 in 2013...