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- 22Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of/Theses and Dissertations
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- 12Medicine and Dentistry, Faculty of/Alberta Research Centre for Health Evidence (ARCHE)
Background: Overviews of reviews of healthcare interventions (overviews) compile information from multiple systematic reviews (SRs) to provide a single synthesis of relevant evidence for health-care decision-making. Their increasing popularity, combined with a lack of evidence-based guidance for...
Patient-reported outcome measures for adverse events: A systematic review and COSMIN evaluation studyDownload
ABSTRACT Background: Health care requires constant improvement. Harms in health care are becoming a priority, as is incorporating the patient’s voice in both clinical research and clinical care. Patients have been found to provide a more subjective, detailed perspective of their treatment...
Objectives: 1. To identify items used in peer reviewed mobile app rating scales. 2. To identify factors important to patients, clinicians, and app developers in evaluating the quality of mental health apps.
Background: There is emerging evidence that randomized trials are subject to biases. Flaws in the design of such trials can result in over- or underestimation of the treatment effect size. Aim: To examine the empirical evidence for bias, to quantify the extent of bias associated with methodology,...
Systematic Review of Knowledge Translation Strategies to Promote Research Uptake in Child Health SettingsDownload
Background: Strategies to assist evidence-based decision-making for healthcare professionals are crucial to ensure high quality patient care and outcomes. The goal of this systematic review was to identify and synthesize the evidence on knowledge translation interventions aimed at putting...
Advancing knowledge of rapid reviews: an analysis of results, conclusions and recommendations from published review articles examining rapid reviewsDownload
Background: Rapid review (RR) products are inherently appealing as they are intended to be less time-consuming and resource-intensive than traditional systematic reviews (SRs); however, there is concern about the rigor of methods and reliability of results. In 2013 to 2014, a workgroup comprising...
Primary Outcomes Reporting in Trials (PORTal): a systematic review of inadequate reporting in pediatric randomized controlled trialsDownload
Objective: Conduct a systematic review of pediatric randomized controlled trials published in high impact journals to assess the reporting of primary outcomes and the psychometric properties of their measures. Study Design and Setting: Systematic review with screening and simultaneous data...
The Effectiveness of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Secondary Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease: A Meta-AnalysisDownload
The effectiveness of secondary prevention (SP) for coronary heart disease (CHD) is well established. The poor integration of evidence into clinical practice remains problematic, in part due to the poor description of trials evaluating these programs. As a result, knowledge users remain unclear...
Background: The prevalence of dementia, a progressive and incurable condition that affects memory and daily function, is increasing worldwide. The perspective of people with dementia can be captured to better understand which factors impact quality of life for this particular population. Such...