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The degree to which predator and prey distributions overlap in space influences the probability of encounters between predator and prey, kills of prey, and consequently, how each species’ abundance varies in time and in space. Predator and prey attempt to increase or decrease overlap respectively...
Using drilled-undrilled shell damage analysis to estimate crushing predation frequencies in modern marine gastropod assemblagesDownload
Predation is a frequently studied subject, but estimating crushing predation in mollusk communities is challenging. Shells record successful attacks, but it is not always possible to identify attacks on an individual basis. Repair scar frequency is a common proxy for crushing mortality, but shell...
Unusual predation attempts of polar bears on ringed seals in the southern beaufort sea: Possible significance of changing spring ice conditionsDownload
In April and May 2003 through 2006, unusually rough and rafted sea ice extended for several tens of kilometres offshore in the southeastern Beaufort Sea from about Atkinson Point to the Alaska border. Hunting success of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) seeking seals was low despite extensive...
Estimating annual wolf kill rates and composition is important for assessing the impact of wolves on their prey and managing wolf-ungulate dynamics. Most studies have focused on kill rates of wolves in winter or single-ungulate dominated systems. I used high intensity GPS tracking combined with...
Wildlife habituation near urban centers can disrupt natural ecological processes, destroy habitat, and threaten public safety. Consequently, management of habituated animals is typically invasive and often includes translocation of these animals to remote areas and sometimes even their...
Detecting mechanisms that structure ecological communities often requires investigations at appropriate spatial and temporal scales. A 15-mo, whole-lake experiment revealed direct and indirect mechanisms by which a fish predator structured its prey population, primarily by affecting recruitment...
The current rate and extent of human-induced changes to the environment are unprecedented. There is an urgent need to understand and predict the dynamics of coupled human and natural systems so that we can maintain the ecosystem services on which we depend. Temperate coastal regions have...
Fish assemblage structure, and factors and mechanisms appearing important in the ecological maintenance of these structures, were examined for 18 small lakes in northern Wisconsin during summer and winter. The study was focused around the following questions. Are there discrete, repeatable groups...
Movement and settlement patterns of animal offspring, along with the costs of occupying familiar and unfamiliar habitats, have been inferred frequently, but rarely have they been documented directly. To obtain such information, we monitored the individual fates of 205 (94%) of the 219 offspring...