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- 11Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of
- 11Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of/Theses and Dissertations
- 5Biological Sciences, Department of
- 5Biological Sciences, Department of/Journal Articles (Biological Sciences)
- 2Roy Berg Kinsella Research Ranch
- 2Roy Berg Kinsella Research Ranch/Journal Articles (Kinsella Ranch)
Forest Succession and Nutritional Carrying Capacity of Elk since the 1980 Eruption of Mount St. HelensDownload
There has been increasing concern over declines in habitat quality for elk (Cervus elaphus) on industrial timber lands west of Mount St. Helens due to canopy closure and the loss of nutritional resources related to succession of early seral stands created by the 1980 eruption. Vegetative...
Personality has been documented in diverse taxa and growing attention is being directed towards the ecological implications of consistent variation in individual behaviour. These implications include the rise in habituation behaviour by wildlife living in human-disturbed areas, which has resulted...
Concerns have been voiced over recent reductions in forest cutting, herbicide spraying, and past heavy grazing on nutritional resources for elk (Cervus elaphus) and their body condition in the Pacific Northwest. I evaluated the effects of herbicides and herbivory on elk forage in a paired,...
Stable home ranges can emerge in a generic forager using a two-part memory system and rules derived from optimal foraging theory. My objective was to evaluate the underlying assumptions of this promising theoretical model using data from two populations of elk. Using a spatiotemporal scan...
Optimal use of resources: classic foraging theory, satisficing and smart foraging – modelling foraging behaviors of elkDownload
It is generally accepted that the Marginal Value Theorem (MVT) describes optimal foraging strategies. Some research findings, however, indicate that in natural conditions foragers not always behave according to the MVT. To address this inconsistency, in a series of computer simulations, I...
Foraging-predator avoidance trade-offs made by migrant and resident elk (Cervus elaphus) on their sympatric winter rangeDownload
Migratory behaviour of the Ya Ha Tinda (YHT) elk population is diminishing while the number of residents remaining on the YHT winter range year-round is increasing. Previous research addressing the fitness consequences of each migratory strategy assumed there was no advantage to either segment...
Trade-offs between predation risk and forage differ between migrant strategies in a migratory ungulateDownload
Trade-offs between predation risk and forage fundamentally drive resource selection by animals. Among migratory ungulates, trade-offs can occur at large spatial scales through migration, which allows an \"escape'' from predation, but trade-offs can also occur at finer spatial scales. Previous...
The forage maturation hypothesis (FMH) proposes that ungulate migration is driven by selection for high forage quality. Because quality declines with plant maturation, but intake declines at low biomass, ungulates are predicted to select for intermediate forage biomass to maximize energy intake...
Reintroduction of wolves (Canis lupus) to Yellowstone National Park in 1995–1996 has been argued to promote a trophic cascade by altering elk (Cervus elaphus) density, habitat-selection patterns, and behavior that, in turn, could lead to changes within the plant communities used by elk. We...
State-space models link elk movement patterns to landscape characteristics in Yellowstone National ParkDownload
Explaining and predicting animal movement in heterogeneous landscapes remains challenging. This is in part because movement paths often include a series of short, localized displacements separated by longer-distance forays. This multiphasic movement behavior reflects the complex response of an...