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- 3Articular cartilage
- 3Cryoprotectant agents
- 8Chemical and Materials Engineering, Department of
- 8Chemical and Materials Engineering, Department of/Research Articles and Materials (Chemical and Materials Engineering)
- 4Surgery, Department of
- 4Surgery, Department of/Orthopaedic Surgery
- 4Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of
- 4Graduate Studies and Research, Faculty of/Theses and Dissertations
Cryopreserving cells for human health therapeutics is a multidisciplinary process with great complexity. Cryopreservation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) has facilitated vascular biology research since they were first isolated in 1973 ; however identifying key variables to...
Objective: Osteochondral allografting is an effective method to treat large osteochondral defects but difficulties in tissue preservation have significantly limited the application of this technique. Successful cryopreservation of articular cartilage (AC) could improve the clinical availability...
Osteoarthritis, a disease resulting in the breakdown of cartilage and bone within joints, is a global burden that is growing in scope. There is no cure for osteoarthritis, and the current treatments are all lacking in some form or another. One treatment which attempts to prevent degeneration of...
Loading vitrifiable concentrations of cryoprotective agents is an important step for cryopreservation of biological tissues by vitrification for research and transplantation purposes. This may be done by immersing the tissue in a cryoprotective agent (CPA) solution, and increasing the...
Investigating cryoinjury using simulations and experiments: 1. TF-1 cells during two-step freezing (rapid cooling interrupted with a hold time)Download
There is significant interest in designing a cryopreservation protocol for hematopoietic stem cells (HSC) which does not rely on dimethyl sulfoxide (Me2SO) as a cryoprotectant. Computer simulations that describe cellular osmotic responses during cooling and warming can be used to optimize the...
Vitrification of articular cartilage (AC) could enhance tissue availability but requires high concentrations of cyroprotective agents (CPAs). This study investigated relative injuries caused by commonly used CPAs. We hypothesized that the in situ chondrocyte dose–injury relationships of five...
Background Vitrification is a method of cryopreservation by which cells and tissues can be preserved at low temperatures using cryoprotective agents (CPAs) at high concentrations (typically ⩾6.0 M) to limit the harmful effects of ice crystals that can form during cooling processes. However, at...
Large articular cartilage defects have proven difficult to treat and often result in osteoarthritis of the affected joint. Cryopreservation of articular cartilage can provide an increased supply of tissues for osteochondral allograft but cryoprotective agents are required; however, few studies...
Amniotic membrane (AM) transplantation is increasingly used in ophthalmological and dermatological surgeries to promote re-epithelialization and wound healing. Biologically active cells in the epithelial and stromal layers deliver growth factors and cytokines with anti-inflammatory,...