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All mammalian cells rely on adenosine triphosphate (ATP) to maintain function and for survival. The heart has the highest basal ATP demand of any organ due to the necessity for continuous contraction. As such, the ability of the cardiomyocyte to monitor cellular energy status and adapt the supply...
Multiple sources suggest that insulin resistance and derangements of cardiac metabolism are among the earliest signs of type-2 diabetes detected in the heart. Unfortunately, limited evidence reflects early changes in cardiac mitochondrial metabolism linked to the development of this disease....