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- 1Barr, Braden N.
- 1Bird, Heather M
- 1Buckley, Lisa G
- 1Croghan, Jasmine A.
- 1Liu, Juan
- 1McDonald, Christianne M
Living platynotan lizards are represented by two families: Helodermatidae, consisting of two species limited to south-western North America and north-western Central America; and Varanidae, with 54 species distributed throughout Africa, south-east Asia and Australia. Modern members of Platynota,...
The phylogenetic relationships of the destructive spruce budworm group of forest pests (Choristoneura fumiferana species complex) have previously been explored using allozymes, microsatellites, mitochondrial genes and a nuclear gene, but remain poorly resolved with conflicting topologies. I used...
Extinct snake taxa are primarily recognized from isolated vertebrae. A new specimen from the Oligocene of Wyoming provides a rare opportunity to examine four nearly complete and articulated fossil snakes. Informally assigned previously to the ‘erycine’ vertebral form taxa Ogmophis and...
With well over 3,400 described species, snakes undoubtedly represent one of the most successful groups of reptiles. Much has been written about their ecology, behavior, anatomy, relationships and evolution. However, despite the debate about the origin of this taxonomic group dating back to the...
Speciation can be an elaborate process. Delimiting species and reconstructing evolutionary relationships may be similarly complex, revealing gene tree discordance, cryptic species, geographic structuring or hybridization. In order to solve such systematic problems, a careful balance should be...
Mosasauridae is a lineage of extinct marine squamates that inhabited the world’s oceans during the Late Cretaceous (100-66 Ma). The name Mosasaurus was given to the first described specimen, which was a fossil discovered in Maastricht, the Netherlands, during the 1770s. Naturalists of the time...
Bare-bones Paleontology: An Examination of the Systematic Methods Used in Vertebrate Paleontology and their Congruence with Avian IchnotaxonomyDownload
Data used in the systematic paleontology of extinct vertebrates is limited to what can be collected from detailed comparisons of preserved anatomy. This restricts vertebrate paleontologists to those characters preserved on osteological specimens. Furthermore, parataxonomies such as ichnotaxonomy...
Osteology, Taxonomy, Phylogeny, and Body Shape Changes of Eocene Catostomid and Problematic Catostomid FishesDownload
Extant catostomid fishes occupy diverse aquatic ecosystems and niches in North America (NA). Less than 3% of catostomid taxonomic richness, or two species, are found outside of NA in Asia. Such adjunct and unbalanced distribution pattern has been established since the late Oligocene, when...